Common Sports Injuries & How To Treat Them
Injuries are a common occurrence among sports players. If not dealt with immediately, they can become a serious health problem in the long run. Here’s listing some of the most common sports injuries and how to treat them:
- Knee Injuries – Sportsmen can experience various knee problems including runner’s knee (pain below or on the sides of the kneecap), ligament damage and tendonitis (inflammation of the tendon tissue that connects the bone with the muscle). One of the major reasons why knee pain occurs is improper shoes. Be sure to use good shoes that do not put pressure on your feet and knees. In case of any external damage, visit an orthopedic doctor immediately.
- Muscle Sprains – A sprain in the muscle occurs due to a tear or stretch in the ligament. Sprains are most common in wrists, knees, ankles and can cause a lot of pain, swelling or inflammation. People suffering from a sprain should follow the RICE protocol, i.e., Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. One way to avoid muscle sprains is to perform stretching exercises properly before and after practice.
- Lower Back Pain – A common occurrence, lower back pain could be due to back spasms, stress or a bulging disc. The causes behind this condition include improper training, bone weakness or poor preparation. Back pain, whether mild or chronic, is a serious health concern and should be dealt with immediately. Applying heat to the affected area can help reduce the pain temporarily but one must ensure proper practise techniques in the long run.
- Shin Splints – Pain that usually occurs at the front outer part of the lower leg, where the bone meets the calf muscle, is known as a shin splint. These are more common amongst runners and mainly occur due to improper warm-up or lack of proper shoes. Ice treatment and anti-inflammatory painkillers are both good to treat shin splints.
- Groin pull – The muscles located in the upper thigh area can often feel strained due to excessive running or jumping. If there is significant swelling in the area, a doctor must be consulted immediately. For minor pain, ice treatment and rest should help.
In case of any injuries, one must not get back to activity until completely healed or this can aggravate the problem. For further help with sports injuries, we recommend visiting our exclusive sports injuries section at CARE Outpatient Centre, Hyderabad.