Precautions Before Diagnostic Tests
Diagnostic tests help in analyzing the disease and the patient’s condition. So they are a major component of every health check-up. Diagnostic tests aid in improving patient care, controlling healthcare expenditure, enabling people to take preventive measures and manage any diseases detected, at an early stage.
“Diagnosis is not the end, but the beginning of practice.” ‒ Martin H Fischer
However, before taking a diagnostic test, it is recommended that patients follow a few basic instructions to ensure the accuracy of the test. Here are some of the most commonly followed precautions:
- On the day of the test, carry all your prescriptions and lists of drugs you are taking, especially those on a daily basis, and earlier medical reports.
- Inform the doctor about all your health issues and allergies.
- Tell the doctor if you are allergic to any medicines.
- Wear comfortable and loose fitting clothes and avoid wearing expensive jewellery.
- Don’t smoke or chew gum for 4 hours before the tests.
- Avoid sugary or spicy food two days prior to the test.
- Do not eat or drink on the day of examination unless the doctor advises.
- Schedule the test at a time when you are unlikely to be tired and hungry.
- You will probably want to eat or drink after the test, so carry a healthy snack.
- Keep yourself clean and do not use perfumes, skin balms and creams.
- Light meal and liquids are allowed before tests, depending on the diagnostic test.
- Female patients should inform the doctor about any pregnancy and their menstruation schedule.
- Children and underweight patients should discuss specific complaints with the doctor.
- Abstain from alcohol and sexual intercourse at least a day before the tests.
- Ensure that the samples being collected are labelled with your name and identity.
- Make sure the doctors are using skin antisepsis, sterile needles, sterile gloves and sterile blood tubes.
- If you have undergone any surgery, consult the doctor for antibiotics prior to the diagnostic test.
- Patients who are sick or have infectious diseases should take the necessary vaccinations before the tests to minimize the risk of transfer.
- Patients should notify the doctor if they are diabetic.
- Immediately tell the attendant if you have any uneasiness or unexpected discomfort during the tests.
Note: Some of these precautions can vary depending on the type of diagnostic test. So please consult the doctor or the diagnostic centre before the test.