Acne rosacea is a chronic skin disorder. It affects the skin on the
face and back. Unlike acne vulgaris (inflamed oil glands that
produce pimples, blackheads, pustules, and cysts on the skin), acne
rosacea is characterized by the dilation (enlargement) of the small
blood vessels located just below the skin, a hyperplasia (increase
in tissue size) of oil glands, and pustules or papules. People with
acne rosacea do not develop blackheads or whiteheads. Women between
the ages of 30 to 50 commonly develop this disorder, but men tend to
suffer more severe forms. Risks increase if you have a fair
complexion; if you are middle-aged; if you suffer migraine
headaches, acne vulgaris, seborrhea or eye infections; or if you are
post-menopausal. Stress and emotional outbursts also tend to provoke
and worsen this condition. Treatment is often focused solely on the
relief of symptoms.
SYMPTOMS MAY INCLUDE:
• Red, flushed skin
• Rash with pustules, papules, and crusting
• Telangiectasis (dilation of small blood vessels in the face)
• Pain, inflammation (swelling, tenderness, warmth), and burning
sensation of the face
• Blushing easily
• Dandruff and oily skin
• Rhinophyma (red, bulbous nose with puffy cheeks)
• Red, itchy, and burning eyes
WHAT YOUR DOCTOR CAN DO:
• Diagnose the disease by asking about your symptoms and evaluating
the skin rash.
• Prescribe oral medications such as long-term antibiotics
(Tetracycline), and anti-fungals.
• Prescribe topical medications (antibiotics, steroids and anti-fungals).
• Recommend laser surgery to reduce or remove the dilated blood
vessels and hyperplasia.
WHAT YOU CAN DO:
• Avoid alcohol, spicy foods, hot drinks, and smoking because they
increase the blood circulation in the rash area, leading to more
• DO NOT spend too much time in the sun.
• Avoid extremely hot or cold environments.
• Avoid or use cosmetics and hair sprays sparingly.
• Before applying topical medications to skin, wash your hands with
soap and water.
• Wash affected area with a mild soap (e.g., Dove) and pat dry.
• Read all labels for skin moisturizers and sun screens. Avoid those
products with alcohol, dyes, and perfumes.
• Apply a sunscreen greater than SPF 15 (sun protective factor)
prior to going outdoors.
WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT:
• Early diagnosis and treatment can lead to complete recovery from
• A delay in treatment can lead to a chronic, persistent condition
that is not curable; permanent scarring of the skin tissues; and
CALL 1061 OR SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL
ASSISTANCE if you develop any symptoms of acne rosacea or
signs of an infection (pus discharge, increased pain and
inflammation, and a fever). If you develop any symptoms of acne
rosacea or signs of an infection (pus discharge, increased pain and
inflammation, and a fever).