An infection involving the urethra, bladder, ureters, or kidneys is
called a urinary tract infection (UTI). These infections occur more
frequently in women, due to their shorter urethra and the urethral
opening being close to the vagina and rectum. Intestinal bacteria
present in these locations can easily contaminate the urethra during
or after sexual intercourse or when wiping incorrectly after a bowel
movement or urination. Men who develop urinary tract infections
often have an underlying abnormality, such as prostate disease or
enlargement, obstruction from tumors or developmental abnormalities.
Symptoms may include:
• Painful and/or frequent urination
• Urgency to urinate
• Back or flank pain
• Abdominal pain
• Nausea with or without vomiting
• Fatigue or malaise
• Cloudy or bloody urine, possibly with an abnormal odor
WHAT YOUR DOCTOR CAN DO:
• Diagnose a UTI by asking about your symptoms, doing a physical
exam, and laboratory tests.
• Obtain a urine sample for analysis and culture.
• Prescribe antibiotics to help fight the infection.
WHAT YOU CAN DO:
• Rest as much as possible, until pain and fever are gone.
• Avoid sexual activity until the infection is eliminated.
• Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for fever.
• Drink plenty of fluids, especially water and cranberry juice.
Cranberry juice helps resolve infections.
• Follow-up with your physician as instructed; additional urine
testing is often needed.
• Avoid holding urine when there is an urge to urinate
• Drink plenty of fluids each day
• Always wipe from front to back after urinating and especially
after bowel movements
• Avoiding sexual positions that are painful or irritating to your
urethra or bladder
• Urinate before and especially after sexual intercourse
CALL 1061 OR SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL
If your symptoms and fever continue longer than 48 hours after
beginning antibiotics, return after completing the antibiotics, or
if new/unexplained symptoms develop.