A nephroblastoma is a malignant tumor (cancer) of the kidney that
occurs primarily in children. It is almost always seen in children
under 7 years old, with those aged 3 to 4 affected most often. Only
one kidney is affected in most cases. The cause of this type of
childhood cancer is unknown, although there may be inherited factors
that increase risk. Risk is also increased if there are congenital
abnormalities (birth defects).
Symptoms may include:
• Swollen or enlarged abdomen
• Frequently, a large, firm mass felt in the abdomen
• Abdominal pain
• Bloody or cloudy urine
• Elevated blood pressure
• Weight loss
WHAT YOUR DOCTOR CAN DO:
• Diagnose Wilms' Tumor by asking about symptoms, doing a physical
exam, and ordering laboratory tests and x-rays.
• Arrange for ultrasound or x-ray imaging of the kidneys and urinary
• Surgery to remove the affected kidney
• Radiation therapy
• Anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapy).
• Medications may be prescribed including oral chemotherapy,
medication to treat nausea, pain relievers, and antibiotics to
WHAT YOU CAN DO:
• For further information, contact: American Cancer Society
toll-free at: 1-800-ACS-2345.
WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT:
• Early detection and treatment with surgery, radiation, and
chemotherapy results in cure for most children.
• Complications include kidney failure and spread or growth to other
areas including the lungs, bones, liver, and brain.
• Medications and radiation may cause side effects, including hair
loss, nausea, and vomiting.
CALL 1061 OR SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL
If you notice abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, shortness
of breath, or swelling of feet or ankles during treatment..