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Gynecologists are available round-the-clock to treat all kinds of problems; excellent laboratory and imaging facilities facilitate prompt diagnosis. Our gynecologists specialize in the treatment and management of:
Cervical dysplasia refers to abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina. While the changes may not be cancerous, they could lead to cancer of the cervix if not treated in time.
Endometriosis is a gynecological condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) appear and flourish outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the membrane which lines the abdominal cavity, the peritoneum. The uterine cavity is lined with endometrial cells, which are affected by female hormones. Endometrial cells in areas outside the uterus are also influenced by hormonal changes and respond in a way that is similar to the cells inside the uterus. The symptoms of endometriosis are pain and infertility. The pain is often worse during the menstrual cycle and is the most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea.
Fibroids are non-cancerous (benign) tumors that grow from the muscle layers of the uterus (womb). They are also known as uterine fibroids, myomas or fibromyomas. Fibroids are growths of smooth muscle and fibrous tissue. Fibroids can vary in size, from that of a bean to as large as a melon.
Gynecological cancers are cancers of the female reproductive system and occur when abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way. Gynecological cancers are named according to the organ or part of the body where they first develop — the ovary, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva.
Menopause, when it occurs after the age of 40, is considered a normal part of aging. But some women can experience menopause early, either as a result of surgery, such as hysterectomy, or damage to the ovaries, such as from chemotherapy. If menopause occurs before the age of 40, regardless of the cause, it is called premature menopause.
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac which develops in an ovary. Most ovarian cysts are benign (non-cancerous) and cause no symptoms. Some cause problems such as pain and irregular bleeding. No treatment may be needed for certain types of ovarian cysts, which tend to go away on their own. For other types, an operation may be advised to remove the cyst.
Pelvic floor disorders are problems that affect women’s pelvic organs — the uterus (or womb), vagina, bladder, rectum and the muscles that surround and support them. The three most common problems are pelvic organ prolapse and trouble with bladder or bowel control.
The term "high-risk" describes a pregnancy in which the mother or the baby experiences medical complications due to a newly developed or pre-existing disorder. This includes conditions or situations that could threaten the well-being of the mother or child such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, a history of miscarriage, symptoms of premature labor or expectation of twins, triplets or more.
As many as 10 per cent of pregnancies are considered high risk but, with expert care, 95 per cent of these special cases lead to the birth of healthy babies. The obstetricians at CARE Hospitals offer specialized care for high-risk expectant mothers and their babies.
Pre-natal tests can help identify health problems that could endanger both a woman and her unborn child. Pre-natal tests are done in the first, second and third trimesters and help a mother determine key factors about her own health that can, in turn, affect the baby's health, such as blood type, whether she has gestational diabetes, anemia or other health conditions, her immunity to certain diseases and whether she has a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or cervical cancer. In a developing child pre-natal tests can identify treatable health problems that can affect the baby's health, characteristics of the baby, including size, sex, age and placement in the uterus, the chance that a baby has certain birth defects or genetic problems and certain types of fetal abnormalities, like heart problems.
Several non-invasive and invasive techniques are available for pre-natal diagnosis. Each of them can be applied only during specific time periods during the pregnancy for maximum usefulness. The techniques employed for pre-natal diagnosis include:
The Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology at CARE Hospitals offers several specialized tests to determine any potential problems with the baby’s health or delivery. These include:
The Institute of Obstetrics & Gynecology at CARE Hospitals has special health check-up packages for gynecology and obstetrics for both prevention and early detection of disorders. The institute also has special women’s packages to detect early signs of disorders of the breast and the organs of reproduction and care for a woman’s contraceptive requirements. A mammogram, an ultrasound scan and a pap smear test are part of a woman’s general check-up package.