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Angioplasty Surgery is a medical procedure that is performed to treat heart related problems. As part of this surgery, narrowed arteries are broadened and obstructed arteries are cleared in the heart. The surgery involves inserting and blowing up a temporary balloon where the artery is clogged up. It is a minimally invasive interventional cardiology procedure that uses imaging technologies to guide a balloon-tipped catheter into the affected artery or vein.
Angioplasty is recommended to people diagnosed with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). CAD is a heart disease as a result of plaque build-up in the coronary arteries. As part of the Angioplasty, a tiny balloon catheter is passed into the blood vessel through a sheath leading to the coronary arteries. The surgeons follow the x-ray imaging and expand the balloon based on the insight they get into the blockage. This results in pushing of the plaque against the artery wall and thus relieving the clogging, improving the blood flow.
During Angioplasty, a small mesh tube called a stent is placed in the artery. The stent is wrapped around the balloon catheter before the procedure and the stent is implanted in it. The stents are sometimes coated with medicines, which are continuously released into the artery. These are drug- eluting stents which help prevent scar tissues from further blocking. When the balloon is inflated to compress the plaque, the stent expands and attached to the artery wall.
Post-procedure, the patient is required to adhere to a few lifestyle changes which include quitting smoking, lowering cholesterol levels, maintaining a healthy weight, keeping blood pressure and diabetes under control. It is advised to exercise regularly. An increased intake of fluids also helps. Observing these practices can help avoid any risks or side-effects.
"I am a patient of Dr GSR Murthy since 2004 and underwent an angioplasty at CARE
Hospitals. The only reason to continue with CARE Hospitals is because of the best
hospitality it offers to the patients. I and my family members have great trust in our
consultant Dr G S R Murthy and CARE Hospitals."
Mr J Jagannadha Rao (Retd Executive Engineer) Visakhapatnam