Prostate Cancer - Symptoms & Risk factors

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

When the prostate gland normally increases in size with age, it can produce some urinary symptoms which are easily identifiable. The symptoms produced by prostate cancer can be similar to those of a normally enlarged prostate. These are:

  • Difficulty in passing urine
  • Going to the toilet to pass urine more often during the day or night
  • Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder after passing urine
  • Pain or burning sensation when passing urine
  • Passing blood in the urine
  • Feeling the need to pass urine urgently

Other symptoms such as pain in other parts of the body, particularly in the spine and the area of the hips can be seen in patients whose prostate cancer has spread to the bones. If you have any of the above symptoms, it is important that you have them checked by your doctor. Prostate cancer may not produce any symptoms in the early stages.

Risk factors for prostate cancer


Prostate cancer is generally a cancer that manifests among the elderly age group. The risk of getting the cancer increases with age.


About 5-10% of all prostate cancer cases are genetically linked, which means the cancer occurs due to inheritance of faulty genes in families.


A diet low in vegetables and fruit and high in animal fats may be a risk factor for prostate cancer.

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