Updated on 28 July 2021
Diabetes and Kidney Disease
Diabetes is a condition that occurs as a result of high blood glucose/blood sugar. The underlying cause for this is a build-up of glucose in the blood that doesn’t reach body cells due to a dearth or underutilization of insulin.
There are three common types of diabetes,
Type 1 Diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks & destroys pancreatic cells, thereby making the body unable to produce insulin. This type of diabetes can occur at any age, though it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults more commonly. An intake of insulin is required by patients on a day-to-day basis for survival. Type 2 Diabetes is the byproduct of the body not using insulin well. This diabetes is the most commonly found type, seen most often in middle-aged and older people, though it can occur as early as childhood. Gestational Diabetes is exclusive to women during pregnancy that may develop into type 2 diabetes later in life. This type of diabetes usually subsides after the mother conceives her child. Regardless of the type of diabetes, a high level of blood sugar may lead to problems in different parts of the body. One of the prominent health complications that can arise from diabetes is kidney disease. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease, so much so that one out of every three diabetic adults has kidney disease.
Diabetes may gradually lead to kidney disease when it causes damage to,
The chances of developing diabetic kidney disease are directly proportional to the time period that a person is diabetic. Aside from this, there are other risk factors that can influence the likelihood of diabetic kidney disease:
People with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes may develop a more serious kidney-related complication known as diabetic nephropathy. This condition affects the kidney’s ability to filter out solid and fluid waste from the body. Some signs and symptoms include:
There are several, specific tests conducted prior to diagnosis of diabetic kidney disease. The five prominent ones are: Blood tests monitor the performance of kidneys to determine how well and efficiently they are functioning Urine tests find out if there is too much protein present in urine. High levels of protein may indicate harm/ damage to the kidney Image tests analyze the kidney's structure and size. It usually precedes CT scans and MRI tests to determine the efficiency of blood circulation within the kidneys. Renal function testing is done to assess the filtration rate, capacity, and proficiency of the kidneys. A kidney biopsy may be recommended in case a sample of the kidney tissue is required for further examination of the kidney. Conduct a thorough physical examination with the help of your nephrologist in Hyderabad to understand the state of your health.
Seeking professional help from a kidney specialist in Hyderabad should coincide with your own efforts toward a healthy lifestyle. Some smart choices to make are as follows:
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