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Blood in Stool – Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention 

Updated on 2 November 2022

What happens when you find blood in the stool? Blood in the stool occurs when one bleeds in the gastrointestinal tract. The gastrointestinal tract includes various organs like the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, etc. If you see blood in your stool, then you should consult your doctor. Let us have a look at the causes and treatment for blood in stool.

Causes of Blood in Stool 

There are multiple reasons for blood in the stool. Here are some of them.

  1. Haemorrhoids 

Haemorrhoids are defined as swollen veins inside the anus and are a common cause of blood occurring in the stool. According to reports, almost 1-2 in 20 people suffer from haemorrhoids. They become common with age. The blood due to this is bright red in colour and symptoms include itching and pain in and around the anus. 

  1. Anal Fissures 

A common symptom of blood in the stool in anal fissures is caused by anal sex, diarrhoea, childbirth, large, hard stools, etc. One may feel a skin tag, itching, anal spasms, and pain in the bowel if one has anal fissures. 

  1. Inflammatory Bowel Disease 

IBD occurs when the immune system responds incorrectly to triggers such as viruses or bacteria and leads to inflammation of the gut. A family history of IBD is also a contributory factor.  Other symptoms include bloating, diarrhoea, anaemia, weight loss, abdominal pain, etc. 

  1. Infection 

Infection is another reason for blood appearing in the stool. Infection in the gut causes dysentery, also known as bloody diarrhoea. Dysentery is caused due to various bacteria and parasites. Other symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, etc. 

  1. Miscellaneous Causes

There are several other causes that can result in blood in the stool. They are,

  • Inflamed colon
  • Inflamed stomach lining
  • Inflamed digestive tract
  • Inflamed rectum
  • Constipation

The causes of vomiting are,

  • Gastric ulcers
  • Oesophageal ulcer
  • Mallory Weiss tear 
  • Duodenal ulcer 

If a person has any of these symptoms, then it is mandatory to see a doctor, who will perform a clinical examination, get some tests done and start treatment. Let us discuss some treatments for the causes mentioned above.

Treatment of Blood in Stool

  1. Treatment for Hemorrhoids 

The first way to treat haemorrhoids is to undergo some lifestyle changes that help ease and prevent haemorrhoids. Follow the steps mentioned below, 

  • Drink plenty of water. 
  • Add fibre-enriched foods to your diet to avoid constipation. 
  • Use wet wipes to clean the anus. This will help in relieving you from itching as well. 
  • Don’t restrain yourself if you wish to go. This can worsen the situation. 
  1. Treatment for Anal Fissures 

Anal fissures can heal without any treatment at home. Here are the steps to follow: 

  • Drink fluids and add fibre to your diet like fruits and vegetables. 
  • Try intaking fibre supplements. It will help if eating fruits and vegetables is not helping much. 
  • Take a warm bath to increase the blood flow in the area, thereby relaxing the anal muscles. 
  • Use topical medicines/ pain relievers to ease the pain. 
  1. Treatment for IBD

There is no permanent cure for IBD. But proper treatment can help you manage the condition. Treatment for IBD includes,

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs 
  • Biologic drugs to prevent proteins from causing inflammation
  • Immuno-suppressants, block the immune system from attacking the body
  • Optimising nutrition 
  1. Treatment for Infection 

Oral rehydration is very important in such cases. Depending upon the severity of the condition, antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor. They reduce the duration of illness along with the time period in which the infection can be transmitted. One should see a doctor when,

  • Pain that persists and worsens over time
  • Blood that is dark and thick
  • Symptoms that don’t get better within two weeks
  • Black and sticky stool 

The simplest ways, for the prevention of blood in stool, are to increase the intake of fibre in food, exercise daily to be healthy, eat only healthy food (largely fruits and vegetables), follow a diet plan, bathing daily and keep the anal area clean and not straining too much while excreting 

It is essential to seek immediate care if one feels weak, dizzy, or confused. Blood in stool is commonly seen in elderly people. However, there are some instances, wherein the condition is seen in children as well. That is why, whenever one is feeling dizzy, experiencing loss of breath, pain in the abdomen, or any of the symptoms mentioned above – it is important to take certain measures.   

Thus, if one experiences any of these symptoms, then it indicates the need for medical attention from CARE Hospitals in order to diagnose and treat the condition.  

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