Ageing Young With Knee Pain
It’s no secret that the young are buckling under the pressure of fast-paced, city life but it is a bit of a revelation that their knees are giving in too. Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) is crippling the young who are now finding themselves growing old before their time. Like sales professional Deep Sharma who is only 40 but could easily have been mistaken for a 60-year-old from the way he climbed up the stairs with the burden of knee pain. He blames stressful, irregular work patterns for his condition. No time to exercise and obesity makes his joint pain problem even more serious.
Knee Osteoarthritis should be the biggest worry for the young and restless in India. Once considered an old-age disease, osteoarthritis (OA) now afflicts middle aged professionals too. One of the most common ailments, it affects almost 70 million Indians, according to a World Health Organization report.
People are spending most of their time sitting on chair in front of computers or televisions, spending much of their time with minimal physical activity. This promotes knee stiffness and joint pain, gradually leading to osteoarthritis. To overcome this pain, patients rely on OTC painkillers. This aggravates the problem of OA. Doctor’s report that most patients consult them only after the pain in the knee joints becomes unbearable.
Dr. Praveen Mereddy, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon CARE Hospitals Hi Tech City, stated that “In knee osteoarthritis, the cartilage protecting the ends of the bones gradually deteriorates, and the joint fluid—called synovial fluid—loses its shock-absorbing qualities. Bones may then rub against each other, causing pain and stiffness, while restricting movement.”
The pain of osteoarthritis is best relieved through a multimodal treatment approach.
Numerous treatments may be used to treat knee OA. When a person is first diagnosed with knee OA, the doctor will recommend a diet, work-outs and a medication schedule to alleviate the pain and inflammation in the knees. Dr. Praveen Mereddy elaborated, “In its early stages, OA is treated with non-surgical measures. A chronic, progressive disease with increasing prevalence, there is no known cure for OA. A multimodal treatment strategy is a balanced approach to managing the pain. This approach helps my patients to take charge of the disease by reducing the risk factors & providing long term solutions to manage their pain”
For patients seeking a long-term answer to their knee pain, the latest offering is ‘Viscosupplementation’. This provides six to twelve months’ of safe & effective OA pain relief under a multimodal treatment strategy.
“Viscosupplementation which is now also available as a one -shot option is given in outpatient basis to relieve the pain. People with OA, commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, have a lower concentration of hyaluronic acid. The fluid acts as a shock absorber for joint loads and a lubricant that enables bones to move smoothly over each other. Viscosupplementation replenishes this lubricant. Application of this single injection procedure has helped me manage many of my young patients with diabetes and hypertension in a better way as I was always worried about the long term side effects with oral pain pills in them.”
It is best to consult a doctor for the best possible treatment options, however, since patients will be unaware of the side effects of various medications.
Sr.Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon
CARE Hospitals Hi-Tech City, Hyderabad