Foot Care For Diabetics
When someone is independent, we say they are standing on their own feet. Much as we use this adage freely, it is seldom that we notice how much meaning there is to it. Our feet are one of the most over-used and, yet, neglected parts of the body. They become twice as important if one is a diabetic. Through this blog, we aim to throw some light on basic foot care for diabetics.
The term Diabetes Mellitus comprises several diseases. However, the most commonly known condition is that of having a high blood glucose level. Patients are at a high risk of nerve and kidney damage, eye and blood vessel related problems, as well as developing foot problems. Of such problems, the most significant is “Neuropathy”. It is a term used for nerve damage caused due to unperceived trauma which, in turn, usually occurs due to an injury.
Neuropathy first shows its symptoms in the feet before affecting the hands. Some patients do not experience any symptoms at all; however, others can have symptoms such as numbness, acute pains in the legs (especially during nights) and a pricking, burning sensation.
In order to avoid any further complications, it is advisable for patients to check their feet daily as well as follow all standard diabetes control measures, such as medicines and insulin shots. The way to check feet is to first examine the spaces between the toes for any cuts or macerations. A mirror can be used to check the soles or a loved one’s help can be asked for to help rule out any reddishness, hardening, discharge or foreign bodies. If any such thing is noticed, a doctor needs to be sought out immediately.
In addition to these checks, it is advisable to cut toe nails straight across and file them. Peeling or cutting the skin must be avoided at all costs. Socks must not be too tight. Cotton socks are the best for diabetics. Moreover, socks can be worn inside out because the softness of the cloth would be in contact with the feet. After wearing socks, always check the shoes or sandals for any objects such as thorns or little pebbles that might have slipped in, before putting them on. Most patients usually ignore this tiny detail and end up with some foreign object pushing through their sole. Lastly, one must quit smoking because it adds to the foot damage problems that come with diabetes.
For more tips on foot care for diabetics, please consult your Care diabetes specialist here.