5 Common Heart Ailments
Cardiovascular and heart diseases have become a leading cause of death among people across the globe. It is important for us to understand common heart conditions so that we can prevent them from occurring in the future.
Here are 5 heart ailments everyone should know about!
Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease is a common heart complication which affects the heart’s structure and its functioning before birth. Some of its common symptoms include unexpected weight gain, lung infection, bluish tint on skin etc. Congenital heart disease could become serious with time and may require surgery to heal.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease occurs when the plaque builds up inside the artery walls thus hardening them and hampering blood supply to the heart muscles. Over a period of time, the build-up blocks the arteries and decreases blood flow significantly. Treatment often depends on the severity of the blockage and does not always involve surgery.
This is a heart rhythm disorder. As you already know, the human heart beats at a certain average pace of about 60-100 beats per minute. However, some people experience a slower or faster than normal heart rhythm, or even one that’s irregular/ uneven. Arrhythmia can occur on its own, or may also be caused by other forms of heart disease.
These may be of three kinds – endocarditis, pericarditis and myocarditis. Endocarditis is when the inner lining of the heart becomes inflamed. Pericarditis is when inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart occurs. Myocarditis is the name given to inflammation of the heart muscle itself. There’s a range of causes for inflammation and infection of the heart, including rubella, Lyme disease, autoimmune diseases, and more.
This is a disorder that affects the muscle tissue of your heart. It happens when the the tissue is abnormally rigid, thin, or thick. Cardiomyopathy may be inherited, but it can also develop later in life – often as a result of another condition such as CAD, a viral infection, or even alcoholism. This disease weakens the heart with time, and tends to lead to heart failure if allowed to progresses unchecked.