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Everything You Need To Know About Vascular Disease

Everything You Need To Know About Vascular Disease

The first step to understanding vascular disease is understanding the vascular system.

The Vascular System

The vascular system is a network of blood vessels that circulates blood to and from the heart and lungs and to various parts of the body. The vascular system consists of arteries, veins and lymphatics.

Arteries: These are tubes that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to various organs and parts of the body.

Veins: These are tubes that return deoxygenated blood from various parts of the body, back to the heart.

Lymphatics:  These are thin tubes that carry excessive fluid from various parts of the body into the venous system.

Everything You Need To Know About Vascular Disease

Vascular surgery deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the vascular system along with assessment and modification of risk factors.

Common Symptoms of Vascular Diseases

  1. Painful limb – This can be due to reduced blood flow, varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis, vascular malformations.
  2. Ulcerated limb – Ulcers can form due to reduced blood flow, venous diseases, and vasculitis.
  3. Swollen limb – Limbs can swell up due to deep vein thrombosis, lymph edema, and varicose veins.
  4. Pulsatile mass anywhere in the body. These could be dilated arteries or aneurysms, vascular malformations, vascular tumors.
  5. Stroke or paralysis – About 10% of strokes are related to disease in the carotid arteries in the neck and these can be treated with surgery. All patients with stroke should have a carotid doppler for evaluation.

Treatment Options for Vascular Diseases

  1. Medical: Many patients can be managed without doing procedures. This consists of medicines, risk factor modification, lifestyle changes.
  2. Endovascular: Many vascular diseases can be treated by minimally invasive techniques like angioplasty, stenting, clotbuster therapy, laser ablation, aneurysm repair.
  3. Surgery: It usually involves bypasses, carotid surgery, aneurysm surgery, access for hemodialysis, cervical rib and others.
  4. Hybrid procedures: We combine endovascular with open surgery to make procedures less invasive, safer and more cost effective.

A vascular surgeon is really a vascular specialist trained in all modalities of treatment: medical, endovascular and surgical and can choose the appropriate therapeutic modality, alone or in combination.

Risk Factor Modification & Preventive Steps:

Each patient alone has the power to slow down the disease process and develop a healthy vascular system.

  1. Good control of Diabetes
  2. Good control of Hypertension.
  3. Stopping smoking / tobacco completely.
  4. Lowering cholesterol.
  5. Losing excessive weight.
  6. Increasing physical activity: Start a walking program. Walk for 30-60 minutes daily. This will improve overall cardiovascular health.
  7. Inculcate healthy eating habits.
  8. Care for your feet: keep them clean, avoid barefoot walking, clip nails carefully and avoid cracks.
  9. Regular follow up with a Vascular Surgeon to monitor the disease and to reinforce a healthy lifestyle.


Care Hospitals

  • Road No 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad
  • OP Centre, Road No 10, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad
  • Hi-tech City, Old Mumbai Highway, Hyderabad


Dr. P. C. Gupta

Sr. Consultant & Chief –

Vascular & Endovascular Surgery

For Appointments Call: 1800 108 6666

1800 108 3999

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