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UTI in Women : All You Need To Know
UTI stands for urinary tract infection and refers to an infection in any part of the urinary system including kidneys, uterus, bladder and urethra. These infections are caused by microbes such as bacteria that overcome the body’s defences in the urinary tract.
Women are known to be at a higher risk of developing a UTI compared to men. The infection restricted to the bladder tends to be more painful and troublesome. The infection can get pretty severe when it spreads to the kidneys. A urinary tract infected is normally treated with antibiotics and the course lasts from a week to 14 days.
Symptoms of UTI
Urinary tract infections do not always have symptoms or signs that indicate the development of the infection. However, there are certain conditions that need to be kept in mind, on the occurrence of which you should visit the doctor and get yourself checked for UTI. These symptoms include:
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Frequent and persistent urge to urinate
- Frequently passing small amounts of urine
- Strong smelling urine
- Pelvic pain that could occur in bouts or continuously
- Fluctuation in body temperature
- Periods of shivering and sweating alternatively (signs that the infection has spread to your kidneys)
- Signs of blood in the urine that makes it look red, orange or pink
As soon as you witness these symptoms, visit your doctor for a check-up. CARE Hospital is counted among the best gynaecology hospitals in Hyderabad, with the best doctors and latest technology to help patients fight the infection at the earliest.
Causes of UTI
Urinary tract infections occur when bacteria enter your urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply within your bladder. The urinary system is designed to keep these microscopic invaders away, however they tend to make their way in certain conditions. In such situations, the bacteria grows in the bladder and causes an infection in the urinary tract.
Types of UTI
The infection can take place in different parts of the urinary tract. Each of these has a separate name based on the area of the infection.
- Cystitis: This infection occurs in the bladder. You might feel the constant urge to pee a lot and in some cases it might hurt when you pee. It might also lead to pain in the lower belly and/or back. The urine may have traces of blood in it as well. Sexual intercourse may lead to cystitis but you don’t have to be sexually active to develop this. All women have the risk of developing this infection given their anatomy.
- Pyelonephritis: This infection develops in the kidneys. It causes fever, chills, nausea, vomiting and severe pain in the upper back or side. Body temperature fluctuates with bouts of fever and chills occurring in phases.
- Urethritis: This type of UTI develops in your urethra. It causes discharge and a burning sensation when you pee.
It is important to take the right precautions against urinary tract infections. Follow these steps to avoid chances of developing this infection.
- Drink plenty of liquids: Drinking liquids, especially water helps dilute your urine and frequent passing of urine. This allows the bacteria to be flushed from your system before the infection can develop.
- Wipe well: Wipe from front to back post urinating and bowel movement helps prevention of the spread of bacteria from the anal region to the vagina and urethra.
- Empty your bladder post intercourse: This helps flush the bacteria from your body. It is also advised to drink water right after.
- Change the birth control methods: Unlubricated condoms can attribute to the growth of infections.
You can visit CARE Hospitals for regular appointments with experienced doctors. The team here have years of experience and expertise in medical field which also makes this hospital one of the best hospitals for pregnancy in Hyderabad.