With 14 hospitals spread across 6 cities, CARE Hospitals is a regional leader in tertiary care. It is ranked among the top 5 pan-Indian hospital chains and is driven by the core principle ‘to provide care that people trust’ through cost-effective medical care in more than 30 specialties.
Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are located on both sides of the abdomen. The main function of the kidneys is to filter out the waste materials and excess fluids from the blood. The kidneys may suffer damage due to several diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, polycystic kidney disease, chronic glomerulonephritis, etc. This may lead to kidney failure or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). At this stage, the patient will need either regular dialysis or a kidney transplant from a donor's kidney.
The first step is to choose a transplant centre where you will be assessed whether you meet the centre’s eligibility criteria for a kidney transplant based on multiple criteria. The next step is to find the donor who can either be living or deceased, related or unrelated to you. In the absence of a compatible donor, your name is put on the waiting list for a deceased donor kidney. Paired kidney donation is also an option if you who have a donor but whose blood and tissues aren’t compatible with you. Whether you are waiting for the donated kidney or your transplant has already been scheduled, it is important to stay healthy and take medications exactly as prescribed.
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and lasts for about 3-4 hours. Your blood pressure, heart rate, and blood oxygen levels are monitored throughout the procedure by the surgical team. A small incision is made during the surgery and a new kidney placed in your lower abdomen. The new kidney is left in place unless there are any complications such as kidney stones, high blood pressure, pain or infection. The transplanted kidney’s blood vessels and ureter are attached to the blood vessels in the lower part of your abdomen and bladder respectively.
You might have to spend several days in the hospital post the transplant surgery. You are watched for any signs of complications and your condition is carefully monitored during the stay. It might take a few days for your kidney to begin making urine. Soreness or pain can be expected at the incision site. You will be closely monitored for a few weeks after you leave the hospital. You might also need to take immunosuppressants and other drugs for the rest of your life. These medications are aimed at suppressing your immune system and preventing infections.
Research indicates that patients who have received a kidney from a living donor have a greater life expectancy than patients who receive kidney from a deceased donor. The average life expectancy of a patient receiving a kidney from a live donor is between 15 and 20 years and from a deceased kidney donor is between 10 and 15 years.
Most patients receiving a kidney transplant lead normal, active lives. They may require medical monitoring and medications in the long term though.
CARE Hospitals is recognized as the most advanced, all-round health care centre in the country, powered by cross-functional teams comprising of surgeons, critical care and emergency medicine specialists. The founding team of CARE Hospitals comprises of medical innovators and pioneers who are passionately driven to make healthcare affordable for all while ensuring clinical outcomes at par with international standards.