Knee replacement surgery — also known as knee arthroplasty (ARTH-ro-plas-tee) — can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. During knee replacement, a surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
The ends of two or more bones form a joint and are covered with a smooth tough layer called cartilage that allows movement without friction. When injury or conditions like arthritis or old age damage the cartilage, the joints become stiff and painful. Joints are enclosed in a capsule lined a layer called the synovium that produces fluid that reduces friction and wear.
Joint replacement is the procedure in which the joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint or prosthesis. Damaged or diseased joints produce pain that may be severe and debilitating. Movement becomes gradually restricted. Total joint replacement is considered if other treatment options do not relieve pain and disability.
The procedure is performed under anaesthesia. The damaged ends of the bones and cartilage are removed and replaced with metal and plastic surfaces that are shaped to restore movement and function of the joint. Hip and knee joint replacements are the most common. The prosthesis is composed of two parts: a metal piece that fits closely into a matching plastic piece. The metals used are stainless steel, alloys of cobalt and chrome, and titanium. The plastic material is durable and tough (polyethylene).
The doctor will encourage use of the "new" joint in a few days after the operation. Initially, walking is permitted with the help of a walker, crutches or a cane. There may be some pain in the replaced joint initially because the surrounding muscles are weak. This gradually improves in a few weeks. Exercise helps in the recovery process. Activities such as walking and climbing stairs are permitted, but strenuous sports such as running or tennis are discouraged.
The success rate following the surgery is more than 90%. The possible complications include:
Most total joint replacements last a decade or more. Therefore, the younger joint replacement patients may need a second total joint replacement. The advantage is that this operation gives years of pain-free living resulting in an improved quality of life.
When it became clear that my dad(S.Mar Reddy) had to undergo surgery for bicuspid valve, we were aware of two option: open-heart surgery and TAVR. Given that my dad is a diabetic patient for about 25 years, we as a family decided to opt for TAVR as the recovery time compared to other surgery was short. Dr. Anoop explained to us both the options and also every detail about TAVR. Since we knew that he was a certified specialist in TAVR, we had faith in his ability. His team of doctors and staff were friendly and assisted us at every step. In the ICU too, when I went to se my dad, there was an emergency situation and i noticed how everyone sprang into action and handled the situation. Hospital service is of excellent quality. On behalf of my Family, I express sincere thanks to Dr. Anoop, his team and the entire Care Hospital for the wonderful treatment and care. It is almost four Months now and my dad is in good health and has resumed his normal activities. I would highly recommend this procedure to whoever can bear with the cost of TAVR.
For patient Mar Reddy (son): (66 Years, Male)
I was not well-breathlessness, too much breathlessness. I can't sleep, scared of everything, was always holding my husband's hand and did not allow him to go anywhere... from last 4 years I was not at all moving anywhere, not climbing stairs nothing and was very scared... I went so many hospitals these 4 years in Hyderabad. Dr. Shastri did the initial screening and suggested to meet Dr. Anoop at Care Hospital, Banjara. Before I couldn't even walk up to bathroom. After TAVR I'm completely happy with all my issues resolved. Now I'm okay and enjoying my life. I'm feeling really good and am grateful to Care Hospitals.
Mrs. Vasu Pradha (70 years, Female, patient)
I had undergone Angioplasty during the year 2003 followed by heart Bypass surgery in 2009 .During the year of 2016, I faced problems of periodic shortness of breath, and chest discomfort, I used to get tired within a few minutes of walk. I consulted Dr D. N. Kumar, senior Cardiologist, Care Hospitals (Nampally), and after few examinations it was found that the Aortic Valve was calcified and thickened and is unable to supply sufficient blood Dr Kumar suggested immediate surgery also suggested the new TAVR procedure which does not require any surgery and suggested to consult Dr. Anoop Agarwal, Interventional Cardiologist who specializes in this procedure. As the procedure is new, I and my family.were a bit hesitant to undergo the same. But one consultation with Dr Anoop Agarwal was sufficient to dispel our fears and decided to undergo the same the procedure was done by Dr Agarwal on 8th of Nov 2017. There was no surgery nor any pain. I was in ICU for a day for observation Second day I was walking slowly and was discharged on 13th Nov 2018. I was ready to resume office work in the next week, Since ther Tam normal and leading normal Life. There is no heart related complaint cannot forget the care which Diskumar and Agarwal had taken during the period was in Hospital Even now, Dr Kumar and Dr Agarwal contact me periodically to enquire about my health. Heartfelt thanks to them. As a patient undergone TAVR procedure. I do recommend it for patients requring such treatment as spanless.idoes not require prolonged rest and effective.
TEC Rao (66 years, Male)