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Hip replacement is also known as hip arthroplasty. It is a type of surgery that is recommended to those who have stiffness and hip pain due to hip arthritis. This surgery is an option when the person did not get rid of the hip pain after doing non-surgical treatments. The hip replacement surgery also treats injuries like a broken hip, an improperly growing hip and other hip-related issues.
In this surgery, the surgeons remove the damaged parts of the hip and replace them with artificial joints known as a prosthesis. This artificial joint is made of metal, hard plastic and ceramic and helps to improve hip function and reduces pain.
When Is Hip Replacement Surgery Recommended?
Conditions that can damage the hip joint and show the need for hip replacement surgery are discussed underneath:
Hip pain that is not relieved by medications and interferes with daily physical activities.
Hip stiffness restricts the motion of the body.
Tumour in the joint
Types Of Hip Replacement Surgery
The three different types of hip replacement surgery are as follows:
Total hip replacement - In this type of hip replacement surgery, the entire hip structure is replaced by artificial components. The surgeons insert a stem in the patient's thigh bone or femur for stability. Then, they replace the natural socket in the joint with the artificial cup and the head of the femur is replaced with a ball.
Partial hip replacement - Through this type of surgery, the patient's femoral head is removed and replaced. This femoral head is present at the top of the thigh bone or femur. No replacement of socket takes place in this surgery. The surgeons perform this surgery to fix hip fractures.
Hip resurfacing - This surgery helps the patients to relieve pain from cartilage loss. In this surgery, the surgeons fix and remove the damage from the natural bone ball present at the top of the thigh bone. Then, they resurface it with a smooth metal covering.
Risks Of Hip Replacement Surgery
No surgical procedure is without complications. There are risks too in hip replacement surgery. This include:
Blood clots in lungs and legs - Blood clots can affect the functions of the lungs and legs. The risk can be reduced by taking prescribed medications.
Bleeding - There can be a risk of excessive bleeding during the surgery.
Infection - There can be infections at the site of the incision. These infections can be cured by taking antibiotics. But the infection near the prosthesis results in the replacement of that prosthesis.
Dislocation - The hip can dislocate from its original position. The doctors use the brace to keep the hip in the right position. But if it continues to dislocate then surgery is the option to stabilize it.
Fracture - There might be a fracture in the hip during the surgery. Small fractures heal on their own but large fractures are stabilized using screws and wires.
Stiffness - The muscle may get stiff after the surgery. Medications will help to remove stiffness.
Joint pain - There will be joint pain which will be cured by doing exercises or through medicines.
Change in length of leg - The new hip changes the length of the leg. Stretching muscle might help in reducing this risk.
Wearing out and loosening of the prosthesis - This risk results in a second hip replacement.
Nerve damage - This risk can cause pain, weakness and numbness.
Procedure Of the Hip Replacement Surgery
At CARE Hospital, surgeons perform hip replacement surgery by acquiring the following process:
The patient is given a general anaesthetic to numb the lower half body of the patient.
The surgeons then make an incision over the side or front of the patient's hip.
Then, they remove the damaged and diseased parts of the cartilage and bone.
After this, they replace the injured socket and implant the prosthetic socket in the pelvic bone.
At last, the round ball at the top of the femur is replaced with the prosthetic ball. This ball is attached to the stem that is fitted in the thighbone.
After the surgery gets over, the patient is moved to the recovery room.
Then, the medical team will examine the patient and prescribe him the required medications.
Diagnostic Tests Done Before Hip Arthroplasty
The medical staff of CARE Hospital perform various tests to check the overall health of the patient and other hip tests to diagnose hip injuries before hip replacement surgery. These tests are listed below:
Complete blood count (CBC) - This test help doctors to evaluate the health of the patient and to detect disorders like infection, anaemia, etc. The test helps them to measure different features and components of the blood like WBCs, RBCs and platelets.
Electrocardiogram (ECG) - This test is performed to check the presence of abnormalities in the heart. The test records the activity of the heart.
Urinalysis - It is a test of the urine. It is done to check the concentration, content and appearance of the urine. Doctors can also detect many disorders like diabetes, urinary tract infections and kidney disease through this process.
X-ray - The X-ray test enables the doctors to detect tumours, infections or fractures in the hip joint and other diseases in the hip bones.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) - This test helps in diagnosing chronic and acute hip pain. Through MRI, surgeons can assess the soft tissues in the hip.
Computed tomography (CT) scan - The CT scan is done to diagnose various hip conditions like arthritis, tumours, fractures and calcified intra-articular bodies.
How Can CARE Hospitals Help?
The CARE Hospital provides the facility of hip replacement surgery. The experienced team of doctors perform this surgery using minimally invasive procedures and personalised treatment options. The trained staff of the CARE hospital assist and take care of the patients after the surgery. Therefore, we at CARE Hospital provide complete facilities for the treatment of the disease and improve the quality of life of the patients.
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