Methylcobalamin is the activated form of Vitamin B12, available as an oral medicine. It is prescribed for people suffering from a deficiency of vitamin B12. The aim of this vitamin is to help with the proper functioning of the brain and nerves as well as the production of red blood cells.
Methylcobalamin helps treat the deficiency of vitamin B12 by producing a substance known as "myelin". This substance is responsible for covering nerve fibres and protecting them. Without inadequate amounts of methylcobalamin in the body, the myelin sheath cannot develop well or stay healthy.
Some of the uses of methylcobalamin are
Methylcobalamin is prescribed for treating certain nerve problems and anaemia by restoring the levels of vitamin B12 in the body.
Replenishment of the vitamin helps in the regeneration and improvement of damaged and irritated nerves, which can be caused by medical conditions like pernicious anaemia, neuropathy, and neuralgia.
It is also prescribed for people who experience back pain, anaemia, or other problems related to the nervous system that can be caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12.
Methylcobalamin also works as a painkiller for people with diabetes.
Methylcobalamin is available as tablets and injections as well. The tablets are to be consumed orally. Do not try to swallow or chew an entire tablet or lozenge.
Methylcobalamin is a water-soluble vitamin. It is better absorbed in the body when taken on an empty stomach. So, you can take one in the morning, at least 30 minutes before eating, or 2 hours after you have eaten.
Methylcobalamin injections are injected into a muscle. The administration is usually done 1 to 3 times a week. Follow the instructions given by your doctor.
Do not increase or decrease the dose without consulting your doctor.
Get immediate medical assistance in case you notice signs of an allergic reaction like difficulty in breathing, hives (itchy red bumps on the skin), or swollen lips, face, tongue, or throat. Certain common side effects of Methylcobalamin include:
Loss of appetite
If you face any of the mentioned (or other) side effects for a persistent period, stop taking the medicine and contact your doctor for help immediately.
Certain precautions must be taken before any medicines are prescribed or taken by a person. In the case of methylcobalamin
Avoid drinking alcohol in large amounts since it makes it difficult for your body to absorb methylcobalamin.
Do not buy or consume expired tablets.
Do not give methylcobalamin to a child without proper medical advice.
Other than the precautions mentioned above, make sure to mention the following details to your doctor before taking Methylcobalamin:
If you are allergic to vitamin B12 or cobalt
If you are taking any other vitamins
If you have or used to suffer from Leber’s disease, folic acid or iron deficiency, or low levels of potassium in the blood
If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or trying for a baby
If you are taking any other medicines, especially chloramphenicol, colchicine, antibiotic medicines, oral diabetes medicines containing metformin, medicines that reduce stomach acid, or medicines that do not require a prescription, like Ayurvedic or herbal.
There is no need to worry if you miss a dose. Take the dose as soon as you remember, but leave out the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not try to take two doses together to make up for the missed dose as it might lead to side effects.
If you or someone you know overdoses on Methylcobalamin, immediately go to the emergency department of the nearest hospital. Take the container or sachet of the medicine with you for reference.
Store methylcobalamin in a dry and cool place, preferably at room temperature between 20°C and 25°C.
Keep it away from direct contact with light, heat, and air.
Keep it safely in a place that is away from children’s reach.
Unless prescribed by your medical practitioner or pharmacist, do not consume methylcobalamin with any other medicine. If it is prescribed to be taken with some other medicine, do not go beyond the prescribed dosage for either of the medicines.
Typically, results can be observed within 48 to 72 hours after taking Methylcobalamin.
Vitamin B complex
Prescribed for persons with deficiency of vitamin B12.
Prescribed for preventing or treating the deficiency of vitamin B.
Class of Drugs
It is a vitamin tablet.
It is a supplement for all major B vitamins.
Common Side Effects
Vomiting, Nausea, Loss of Appetite, Diarrhoea, Headache.
Nausea, excessive urination, vomiting, diarrhoea, and nerve damage.
It is wise to always follow the instructions provided by your doctor when consuming any medications. Keep all the medications out of reach and sight of children to avoid any mishaps.
Disclaimer: The information provided here is not meant to substitute an advice from a healthcare professional. The information is not intended to cover all the possible uses, side-effects, precautions, and drug interactions. This information is not intended to suggest that using a specific drug is suitable, safe, or efficient for you or anyone else. The absence of any information or warning regarding the drug should not be interpreted as an implicit guarantee from the organisation. We strongly advise you to consult a doctor if you have any concerns about the drug and never use the medication without a doctor’s prescription.