Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) refers to neurosurgical procedure used to treat movement and affective disorders including Dystonia and Parkinson’s disease. Deep brain stimulation surgery includes implanting electrodes in carefully mapped areas of the brain. Abnormal impulses produced in the brain are regulated by these electrodes. These impulses can treat the cells in the damaged areas of the brain as well.
The procedure offers high efficacy, but the level of stimulation must be controlled through a device resembling a pacemaker, which is implanted under the skin of the upper part of the chest. This device is connected to the electrodes with a wire.
DBS is also recommended to treat epilepsy, essential tremor, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), addiction, chronic pain, cluster headache, dementia, major depression, multiple sclerosis among others.