In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) involves a series of procedures to treat infertility and other problems in conception. The procedure involves fertilizing female ova with male sperm in a medically controlled environment outside the woman’s body. These fertilized eggs are then implanted in the female’s uterus to initiate pregnancy. The process that requires about 2 weeks was initially used on women with damaged fallopian tubes. Currently, IVF is effective in managing virtually all fertility problems and is the preferred treatment for couples who are unable to conceive naturally.
IVF may be done using the egg and sperm of the partner or those of anonymous donors. The same procedure might be used on a gestational carrier. IVF is widely preferred and the most efficacious assisted reproductive procedure.