A Thyroidectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a part of or the entire thyroid gland which is located in the neck. The thyroid gland produces hormones that play an important role in regulation of our metabolism. There are conditions, however, which may cause the thyroid gland to malfunction. Diseases such as goitre and thyroid cancer, or even an overactive thyroid gland may require a portion or the entire gland to be removed. Thyroid surgery is used as an effective treatment in all these cases. The procedure is performed under general anaesthesia and may take between 1 and 2 hours. The recovery process following a Thyroidectomy involves lifelong monitoring and consumption of thyroid hormone replacements if need be.