When the lower part of the major vessel, the aorta gets enlarged; it is known as the abdominal aortic aneurysm. Aorta is the main vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the body and runs through the heart to the chest and abdomen area.
It holds a major functioning inside the body and hence a condition like abdominal aortic aneurysm can cause life-threatening situations.
It is due to the excessive internal bleeding that can cause major issues ahead. Doctors at CARE Hospitals in India provide intensive care and treatments that may help individuals to recover.
Treatments can vary according to the situation and the degree of damage done and this can even lead to emergency surgeries. The aneurysm’s size can grow rapidly and hence need to be treated in emergencies at CARE Hospitals.
A condition like abdominal aortic aneurysm can take time to expand, but once diagnosed can increase at a rapid rate.
The signs and symptoms may not be prominent and also be difficult to get detected. The aneurysm may never rupture; the ones that start small, stay small, but others can grow rapidly over time.
An enlarged abdominal aortic aneurysm may show the following symptoms;
Deep and constant pain in the belly area side of the belly or abdomen
A pulse felt at the navel
There are a lot of risks associated with the abdominal aortic aneurysm and require to get treated in time-
Tobacco use- smoking is the leading cause of the conditions like abdominal aortic aneurysms as these can weaken the aorta walls and rupture them. People who chew and smoke tobacco are at a higher risk of developing an abdominal aortic aneurysm. One should get an ultrasound of the abdomen if they smoke regularly especially at the age of 65-75 years.
Age- people over the age of 65 are more prone to conditions like abdominal aortic aneurysms as their aorta walls may degrade with age.
Being male- women are less prone to abdominal aortic aneurysms than men.
Being white- the European countries and people who have white skin are more prone to abdominal aortic aneurysms than the other races.
Family genetics and history- if one of your family members (blood-related) has an abdominal aortic aneurysm, you automatically get prone to it.
Other aneurysms- if one has aneurysms in other large vessels than aorta like in the thoracic aortic aneurysm; they’ll be at a high risk of developing an abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Doctors at CARE Hospitals in India would provide various medications to lower the blood pressure and also aid in relieving the stress on the weak arteries.
The condition like abdominal aortic aneurysm is diagnosed along with physical examinations and other routine check-ups like the ultrasound of the heart, lungs, or abdomen.
After this, a medical history will be analysed along with the family genetics and history. Your doctor will analyse these preliminary examinations to know what to diagnose further. The imaging testing is conducted to confirm the abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Abdominal ultrasound- the sound waves are used to diagnose and screen the blood flows through the belly area along with the aorta and is known as the painless test. These are generally employed to diagnose the condition of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The transducer is employed on the abdomen slowly to create the image on the computer. It travels back and forth and the device sends signals to the screen.
CT scan of abdomen- the cross-sectional images are created with the help of X-rays of the abdomen where the doctors can see a clear picture of the aorta. It is a painless test that can also detect the size and shape of the abdominal aortic aneurysm. A dye may also be given along with the CT to mark the veins clearly.
Abdominal MRI- the computer-generated radio waves along with the magnetic field are used to create detailed images of the abdominal structures and aorta. The blood vessels can also be clearly seen with the help of a dye employed in the veins.
Screening of the abdominal aortic aneurysm
A smoker who is a male can be at a high risk of developing a condition like abdominal aortic aneurysm. Screening recommendations are as follows-
One-time screening for an abdominal ultrasound for men aged in the range of 65-75 years and who have smoked before.
If they have never smoked, a family history will be analysed for the condition of abdominal aortic aneurysm.
The doctor’s main aim is to stop the rupturing of the aneurysm for the abdominal aortic aneurysm. Hence, the treatment might take proper surgery or monitoring depending upon the size of the abdominal aortic aneurysm.
The medical monitoring involves the treatment as mindful watching if the abdominal aortic aneurysm isn’t rapid or big.
It is done to see the minor symptoms and requires regular assistance and check-ups by the doctors at CARE Hospitals.
The imaging tests are required to determine the aneurysm size and manage conditions like blood pressure.
People would be asked for an abdominal ultrasound after every six months and later for the daily follow-ups.
If the abdominal aortic aneurysm is about the size of 1.9 to 2.2 inches (4.8 to 5.6 centimetres) or more than that, surgery is recommended by the doctors at CARE Hospitals.
As these may increase and cause life-threatening issues. The other symptoms include stomach pain, or you have a leaking, tender or painful aneurysm.
Surgery will depend on the age, condition, type of aneurysm, and size. It includes-
Endovascular repair- a catheter is inserted through the leg’s artery and is guided towards the aorta to repair the abdominal aortic aneurysm. A graft is also inserted to provide strength to the weak aorta section.
Open abdominal surgery will be the removal surgery of the damaged part of the aorta. The graft replaces the damaged part, and the recovery might take a month or more.
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