A liver transplant is a medical procedure that is required when an individual’s liver fails to function normally and can no longer be considered a healthy liver. It is done by replacing the patient’s unhealthy liver with either a healthy liver from a deceased person or a part of a healthy liver from a living donor.
The liver, being your largest internal organ, performs several functions in the human body to help you live a healthy life, including producing bile, storing vitamins and minerals, and breaking down poisonous substances. Therefore, it is extremely important for a person to have a properly functioning liver.
Who needs a Liver Transplant?
More than often, any individual suffering from chronic or irreversible liver diseases may be in need of a liver transplant. Cirrhosis, or the scarring of liver tissues, is one of the most common causes why a person may require a transplant.
To know if you are suffering from Cirrhosis or not, keep an eye out for the following symptoms:
Fluid retention in the abdomen
Spotting blood in your stools
Swelling in legs, feet, and ankles
Premature menopause in women
Brown/orange coloring in urine
Other symptoms may include:
Losing your appetite
High body temperatures
Unwanted weight loss
It is important to note that these symptoms vary from person to person and also depend on the stage of your liver disease. At the beginning of the disease, there is a strong probability that you may not show any symptoms at all. Therefore, it is important to take precautions and get health check-ups on a more frequent basis.
Different Types of Liver Transplants:
Mainly, individuals suffering from liver failure undergo either one of the following transplantations:
1) Living Donor Transplant -
In this type of transplant, a part of the liver is removed from a willing living donor and introduced in the body of the patient, connecting the part of the liver with blood vessels and bile ducts. Since the liver possesses the property of regeneration, the transplanted lobe regenerates itself into a functioning liver in no time.
The right lobes of donor's livers are usually utilized for transplantation in adults, as it is much bigger in size as compared to the left lobe.
2) Orthotopic Transplant -
Orthotopic transplants are carried out by removing the entire healthy liver from a recently deceased donor who had pledged to provide their organs for donation, prior to their demise.
Orthotopic Transplants are the most commonly used method of a liver transplant.
3) Split-Type Liver Transplant -
In this method of transplantation, a liver from a recently deceased individual is transplanted into the bodies of two recipients. However, this type of transplantation is only possible if the two recipients are an adult and a child, as the donated liver will be divided into right and left lobes. The transplanted lobes will eventually turn into a full-functioning , healthy liver through regeneration.
It is notable that this method not only helps one individual suffering from liver failure, but two.
Complications of The Procedure
A liver transplant, just like many other medical procedures, has its’ share of complications, some of which include:
Complications of bile duct – leaks or shrinkage
Donated liver failure
Sometimes, recurrence of the liver disease can also be seen in the new or transplanted liver.
Complications or risks of the transplant may be the result of the drugs given to the patient to help in the prevention of the body rejecting the newly transplanted liver or maybe the result of some issue in the entire procedure itself.
Diagnosis of Liver Diseases
Liver diseases are caused through a variety of mediums, whether it is an infection, a metabolic issue, or a result of genetic inheritance. This makes diagnosis a complicated task, and a range of tests need to be performed.
History of previous diseases, drug or alcohol, and the family background of liver diseases need to be taken into account before diagnosing the patient with any liver disease. It is also important to check for viruses like Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C.
Apart from checking the patient’s history before diagnosis, a physical examination is important to realise the cause and damage of the liver disease.
After diagnosis, doctors may or may not suggest a liver transplant to the patient, depending on the severity of the condition.
Procedure Offered At CARE Hospitals:
Liver Transplant -
After an extremity in liver disease or complete failure of the liver, a doctor is more than likely to recommend undergoing screening for a liver transplant. If the patient is eligible and a donor is found, the patient must undergo a major surgery for the transplant. Liver donors can be either living or dead.
CARE Hospitals work to make sure the patient has a smooth transplant journey by providing them with all the medications that are required to ensure your body does not reject the transplant, and you have a healthy, full-functioning liver.
How can CARE Hospitals help?
At CARE Hospitals, you can expect your condition to be treated by experienced and well-trained doctors that bring a positive and friendly approach to your treatment. Our staff will not hesitate to guide you through your healthcare journey with the utmost patience and professionalism, both during and after your transplant. We are always available if you have any doubts or concerns regarding your transplant surgery and will be more than happy to address them. With our advanced technology, state-of-the-art infrastructure, and personalized treatment plans, we promise to provide you with healthcare that is convenient for you.
We aim to make you feel comfortable by providing you with a positive atmosphere the moment you walk in through our doors.
At CARE Hospitals, our patients are more than just a file number to us and we promise to see them beyond their condition.
If you cannot find answers to your queries, please fill out the enquiry form or call the number below. We will contact you shortly