Consult Super-Specialist Doctors at CARE Hospitals
Infants and babies are most vulnerable to getting any medical complications in the early stage of development. Thus, reliable medical care is required to avoid serious health risks. Since babies are delicate, it is the prime responsibility of the parents to choose the best medical care centre for their child as well as ensure that everything goes perfectly right from childbirth to disease diagnosis and treatment.
To provide correct and timely treatment for neurological congenital diseases, CARE Hospitals provide the facility of neonatal (newborn) care units and pediatric care units.
Both these units are specially designed for children ages to provide the highest level of pediatric care.
Insights to Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU)
Newborns have to make several adjustments to adapt to the external environment after leaving the mother's womb. Inside the womb, the child has to depend on the placenta for blood and nutrient supply. A placenta is a temporary organ that connects the developing foetus with the mother to carry out biological processes like respiration, excretion, oxygen supply. However, they do not require a placenta once they are out in the external environment.
Thus, the infants who require intensive medical care are transferred into neonatal care units. Each of these units is specialised in advanced technology and are managed by medical professionals and dedicated staff to provide care to the babies.
In case of complications, a child is delivered to the care unit of an Advanced NICU & PICU Hospital in Hyderabad. However, moving them out is done with caution.
As every baby is different, a medical professional should evaluate their physiology including physical health and symptoms to determine whether the newborn requires the care unit or not.
The following factors can increase the chances of placing a child in neonatal intensive care units (NICU).
Alcohol or drug abuse.
Mothers having multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, etc).
Emergency cesarean delivery
Irregular amount of amniotic fluid in the uterus. This fluid protects the foetus from external injuries.
Early rupture of the amniotic sac.
Lack of oxygen in the baby’s body.
Mothers diagnosed with medical problems like diabetes, thyroid, etc.
Defected anomalies(baby' body structure) during pregnancy tests.
Age of the mother. Elderly mothers are at higher risk.
As far as care units of NICU hospital discharges are concerned, most babies are discharged within two to three days depending on the condition. If they show signs of jaundice, weight loss, infection or any other health issue, they are admitted again.
Levels of care at NICU
Admitting a child to the hospital is the most sensitive situation for the parents, especially when it comes to newborns. As most hospitals offer basic treatment and care, it is important to look for an authentic hospital that provides complete care including preoperative and postoperative facilities. Here's when CARE Hospitals come into the role. We provide the best possible care and attention to every child admitted to the intensive care units. NICUs provide different care at different levels. Let us understand them more deeply.
NICU levels of care are divided into 3 categories depending on the type of care required by a child.
These levels are- Level 1- This level of care is dedicated to newborns who weigh more than 1800 grams or have a gestational maturity period (age after delivery) of 34 weeks or more.
Level 2- In this level, the newborn weighs around 1200 to 1800 grams. They have a gestational maturity period of a minimum of 30 weeks and a maximum of 34 weeks.
Level 3- This is the extreme level of care unit and is dedicated to newborns weighing less than 1200 grams. They have a gestational maturity period of fewer than 30 weeks.
Insights to PICUs
PICU is referred to as paediatric intensive care units. These units occupy a special area in the hospital area to provide medical care to unhealthy infants, children, teenagers and young adults. These are managed by qualified paediatricians, surgeons, respiratory therapists, nurses and medical staff. Here, complex technology equipment is used such as mechanical ventilators and monitoring systems.
The factors that may lead a patient to admit to PICUs include,
Respiratory failure that requires mechanical ventilators or additional support systems.
Severe asthma exacerbation
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Disturbed mental status
Trauma including non-accidental ones
Congenital heart defects
Other life-threatening situations
Levels of care at PICU
At PICU hospital, the levels of care are generally classified into two-
Level 1- The level 1 PICU is meant to provide medical care to the most critical patients. Health care professionals are capable of providing a special variety of care that involves an intensive, rapid changing and progressive treatment approach. It includes a certified medical director specialised in critical care medicine, sub-specialists, hemodialysis capabilities, respiratory therapists, a transport team and system, resuscitation capabilities in the emergency ward, trained nurses and physicians that are dedicated to patients 24*7 and monitor their condition.
Level 2- This level of PICU is given to less critical patients. Therefore, it does not require complex treatment options like level 1. Patients admitted to this level are more stable as compared to patients in level 1. Level 2 care is supported with level 1 care to provide timely transport for complex cases.
By viewing the positive effects of PICUs in relative treatment, there has been an increase in specialised PICUs like transplant, trauma, cardiovascular medicine, neurology and oncology.
Why choose CARE Hospitals for NICUs?
At CARE Hospitals, which is an Advanced NICU & PICU Hospital in Hyderabad, the Neonatal Intensive Care Units provide comprehensive care to premature and unhealthy newborns under our specialists. These units are managed by our highly trained and qualified team of neonatologists, pediatricians, nurses and other medical professionals. Our care units are specially designed to provide extreme comfort, safety and medical care to the babies. The neonatal intensive care units are used in the following conditions.
Major birth abnormalities or defects
Extreme low birth weight
Infant respiratory distress syndrome
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