Arthritis is characterized by swelling and discomfort in one or more joints. It causes joint pain and stiffness, which often increase with age. There are several forms of arthritis, like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. In Osteoarthritis, there is a breakdown of cartilage, which is the firm, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they meet to create a joint. Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition in which the immune system assaults the joints, starting with the joint lining. Treatment options at an Arthritis Treatment Hospital in Hyderabad differ based on the kind of arthritis. The primary aims of arthritis therapy are to alleviate symptoms and enhance the quality of life.
Depending on the kind of arthritis, the following signs and symptoms may occur:
Pain/ joint stiffness
Reduced range of motion
The two primary kinds of arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, have various causes and lead to distinct sorts of joint damage.
Osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis, is caused by wear and tear on a joint's cartilage — the hard, slippery covering on the ends of bones where they form a joint. Cartilage cushions the ends of the bones and allows for practically frictionless joint mobility; nevertheless, significant damage can result in bone grinding directly against bone, causing discomfort and limited movement. Wear and strain can develop over time and can be accelerated by a joint injury or illness. Osteoarthritis also affects the bones and the connective tissues that link muscle to bone and hold the joint together. If a joint's cartilage is significantly injured, the joint lining may become inflamed and swollen.
The immune system of the body targets the lining of the joint capsule, a thick membrane that encloses all joint elements, in rheumatoid arthritis. The illness process can eventually damage joint cartilage and bone.
Arthritis risk factors include:
Family history: Because some kinds of arthritis run in families, you may be more prone to get the illness if your parents or siblings have it.
Age: Many kinds of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout, become more common as people get older.
Gender: Women are more likely to acquire rheumatoid arthritis, but men are more likely than women to suffer from gout, another kind of arthritis.
Previous joint damage: People who have damaged a joint, maybe while playing sports, are more prone to develop arthritis in that joint later in life.
Obesity: Carrying extra pounds puts strain on your joints, especially your knees, hips, and spine.
Complications of arthritis
Weight-bearing joint arthritis can make it difficult to walk or sit up straight. Joints may progressively lose alignment and form in rare circumstances. Our patients tell us that the richness of their conversations, our meticulous attention to detail, and the quickness of their appointments provide them with health care, unlike anything they've ever had before.
Diagnosis at CARE Hospitals
Doctors examine your joints for swelling, redness, and warmth during the physical exam. They'll also want to check at our arthritis treatment hospital how well your joints can move.
Different types of bodily fluids can be analyzed to determine the type of arthritis you have. Doctors wash and numb the region before withdrawing a sample of joint fluid using a needle inserted into the joint cavity.
Here are several examples:
X-rays: X-rays are a type of radiography that uses low doses of radiation to see bone and can reveal cartilage loss, bone deterioration, and bone spurs. X-rays may not detect early arthritic damage, although they are frequently used to monitor disease development.
Computed tomography (CT): CT scanners use a combination of X-rays from various angles to provide cross-sectional images of inside structures.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a type of imaging (MRI). MRIs provide more detailed cross-sectional pictures of soft tissues such as cartilage, tendons, and ligaments by combining radio waves with a strong magnetic field.
Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves are used to image soft tissues, cartilage, and fluid-containing structures around joints with this method. Ultrasound can also be used to guide the positioning of needles for extracting joint fluid or injecting drugs into the joint.
Treatment of arthritis
Depending on the kind of arthritis, different medications are used for arthritis treatment. Analgesics and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are given to relieve pain.
Exercise can aid in strengthening the muscles that support your joints. Splints or braces may be necessary for some circumstances.
Surgery for arthritis is done to repair of the joints. Joint surfaces can be polished or repositioned to alleviate discomfort and increase function in some cases. These operations are frequently performed arthroscopically, which means they are done through tiny incisions over the joint. The injured joint is removed and replaced with an artificial one in this surgery. Fusion of the joints: The most common types of joints that are generally treated using this method are the Smaller joints, such as those in the wrist, ankle, and so on.
At CARE Hospitals, as one of the best Arthritis Treatment Hospital in Hyderabad, the doctors offer world-class treatment amalgamated with state-of-the-art technology to ensure you receive the best care possible.
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