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Bone & Soft Tissue Cancer

Soft tissue sarcoma or bone and soft tissue cancer is a rare cancer that begins in the tissues that connect, support, and surround other bodily structures. This includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons, and the joint lining.

There are approximately 50 subgroups of soft tissue sarcoma. Some varieties mostly affect youngsters, while others primarily impact adults. These tumours can be difficult to diagnose since they can be mistaken for a variety of other growths. Soft tissue sarcoma can affect any area of the body, although it most commonly affects the arms and legs, as well as the belly. 

Symptoms 

There are many signs and symptoms that are associated with bone and tissue cancer. It can be due to many underlying reasons including the following-

  • A lump that is noticeable 

  • Swelling of the lump

  • Pain

  • tumour pain that when pressed on nerves or muscles cause pins pain.

These may be diagnosed as the later stages of symptoms. Early detection isn’t possible with bone and soft tissue cancer. It requires a thorough examination and diagnosis to treat cancer after the diagnosis.

You can see the doctor if-

  • Lump size increases 

  • Lump is painful

  • A lump is located in a deep muscle 

  • After the removal of the lump, it occurs again. 

Risks 

There are many factors associated with sarcoma cancer and may increase with exposure. One is required to keep the health in check with the help of annual body examinations. 

The risks include-

  • Inherited Syndromes- Soft tissue sarcoma is a disease that can be passed down through the generations. Hereditary retinoblastoma, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis, neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, and Werner syndrome are all genetic diseases that raise your risk of developing cancer.

  • Chemical exposure- Herbicides, arsenic, and dioxin are just a few of the chemicals that can cause soft tissue sarcomas.

  • Radiation exposure- Soft tissue sarcomas can be more likely if you've had radiation treatment for previous tumours.

Diagnosis 

  • Due to the comprehensive nature of the body tissues, it is important to know the type of soft tissue sarcoma. It is essential that your doctor lets you know the exact nature of each tumour. 

  • It helps in better treatment plans and approaches.

  • Doctors at CARE Hospitals in India would diagnose the symptoms and signs of the individual.

  • They would further analyse the physical examinations and symptoms. This includes the blood pressure, sugar level, and other diagnoses. These are known as preliminary examinations.

  • After a proper preliminary analysis- the family and other medical histories, doctors would conduct the secondary examinations.

Imaging tests 

The tests are done to evaluate the area of concern. They are-

  • X-rays

  • Computerised tomography scans

  • Magnetic resonance imaging

  • Positron emission tomography

Biopsy 

If a soft tissue sarcoma is detected, it's usually better to seek treatment in a medical centre at CARE Hospitals in India that treats a lot of people with this malignancy. For effective surgical treatment and planning, experienced doctors will choose the optimal biopsy procedure. They are as the following-

  • Core needle biopsy-This approach can produce very small tubes of tumour material. Doctors usually try to collect samples from different parts of the tumour.

  • Surgical biopsy- Your doctor may recommend surgery in some cases to obtain a larger sample of tissue or to completely remove a small tumour.

A pathologist (a specialist who specialises in studying body tissues) examines the tissue sample in the lab for symptoms of malignancy. The pathologist at CARE Hospitals in India will also examine the sample to determine the type of cancer and whether it is aggressive.

Treatment 

  • Treatment plans and approaches can vary from the type of sarcoma of the soft tissue. It can be according to the size, type and location of the tumour.

Surgery 

  • For soft tissue sarcoma, surgery is a typical treatment. The tumour and some good tissue surrounding it are typically removed during surgery.

  • When soft tissue sarcoma strikes the arms or legs, radiation and chemotherapy may be used to reduce the tumour and prevent amputation.

Radiation Therapy 

  • Radiation therapy is a common treatment used against cancer. It uses high powered beams of energy to treat and kill the tumours. Options are-

  1. Before surgery- It shrinks the tumour and helps to easily remove it.

  2. During Surgery- Intraoperative radiation delivers a higher dosage of radiation directly to the target area while protecting nearby tissues.

  3. After surgery- it helps to kill the remaining cancerous cells.

Chemotherapy 

  • Chemotherapy is a medicine that kills cancer cells by releasing chemicals into the tissues of the body. Chemotherapy can be taken as a tablet or given intravenously (intravenously). 

  • Chemotherapy works better for some types of soft tissue sarcoma than it does for others. In the case of rhabdomyosarcoma, chemotherapy is frequently employed.

Targeted drug treatment

  • Soft tissue sarcomas have particular cell features that can be targeted with targeted pharmacological therapy. These drugs are more effective and less harmful than chemotherapy. In gastrointestinal stromal tumours, targeted treatments have been especially beneficial (GISTs).

Why choose CARE Hospitals?

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, at CARE Hospitals we aim to provide proper treatment against cancers. Soft sarcoma cancer is common and may affect a person unknowingly. With our extensive and comprehensive approach towards human welfare and wellness, we provide proper diagnosis against cancers. Our world-class technology may cure you and give you a new life. 

We are a prominent and integrated healthcare institution with many Centres of Excellence for super specialities such as heart surgery, CT surgery, neurology, cancer, liver, multi-organ transplants, bones and joints, nephrology, robotic sciences, spine surgery, mother and child, and fertility.

Our hospital is regarded as one of the best hospitals in India due to its modern facilities and services. We have multispecialty hospitals that are well-equipped with fully functional medical beds, an intensive care unit/operation theatre, mobile ultrasound, X-ray, 2D echo, and other critical care services for critically ill patients.

Frequently Asked Questions

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