Cerebrovascular disease is a term that encompasses various ailments, diseases, and disorders that affect the brain's blood arteries and blood supply. If the brain cells are deprived of oxygen due to a blockage, deformity, or haemorrhage, brain injury can occur. The best care and services are provided at CARE Hospitals with a team of experts and medical professionals.
Cerebrovascular disease can be caused by a number of factors, including atherosclerosis, in which the arteries narrow; thrombosis, or embolic arterial blood clot, in which a blood clot forms in a brain artery and venous thrombosis in the cerebral. Stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), aneurysm, and vascular malformation can be categorised in cerebrovascular disorders.
The risks of cerebrovascular disorder include;
having a family history of stroke
being 55 years or above
being assigned male at birth
have high blood pressure
have cardiovascular disease
get low levels of exercise
have high cholesterol levels
eating unhealthy fats and salts
have high homocysteine levels
have atrial fibrillation
Symptoms of Cerebrovascular Disorders
There are different types of cerebral disorders that can be treated at CARE Hospitals. Cerebrovascular disease includes stroke, transient ischemic attack, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Aneurysms and hemorrhages can be dangerous to one's health. A blockage can occur when blood clots form in the brain or migrate there from other parts of the body.
Headache can be severe or sudden.
One side of the body, or hemiplegia causing paralysis.
Hemiparesis or the weakness on one side.
Enable to communicate
Can lose the vision
loss of balance
Cerebral disorders are of the following types-
Ischemic stroke- A blood clot or atherosclerotic plaque stops a blood vessel that provides blood to the brain, resulting in an ischemic stroke. A clot, or thrombus, can form in a narrowed artery. The stroke occurs when the brain cells die. It can be because of a lack of blood flow.
Embolism- The most prevalent type of ischemic stroke is an embolic stroke. Arrhythmias, which are conditions that produce an abnormal heart rhythm, increase the risk of developing an embolism. Ischemic stroke can be caused by a tear in the lining of the carotid artery in the neck. The tear allows blood to travel between the carotid artery's layers, narrowing it and limiting blood flow to the brain.
Hemorrhagic stroke- When a blood vessel in a portion of the brain becomes weak and breaks open, blood leaks into the brain. Brain tissue can get edema and tissue damage due to blood pressure or leakage. Nearby areas of the brain may also lose their supply of oxygen-rich blood as a result of the hemorrhage.
Diagnosis and treatment
Cerebrovascular disorders can occur due to various reasons-
If a blood vessel in the brain is damaged, it may be unable to provide enough or any blood to the brain area it serves.
The oxygen to the brain can be restricted due to the lack or absence of blood flow.
Emergency assistance is critical in reducing the likelihood of long-term brain damage and increasing a person's chances of survival.
Cerebrovascular disease is mostly caused by atherosclerosis.
Any cerebrovascular incident is a medical emergency, and anyone who notices the symptoms should call CARE Hospitals for assistance. Early detection can save your life. The diagnosis include;
Neurological, motor, and sensory along with the medical history of the patient is studied at CARE Hospitals. Vision or visual field changes, diminished or changed reflexes, aberrant eye movements, muscle weakness, and decreased feeling are examples.
Vascular abnormality, such as a blood clot or a blood artery defect, can be detected with cerebral angiography, vertebral angiogram, or carotid angiogram.
Injecting dye into the arteries reveals any clots and allows CT or MRI imaging to show their size and shape.
The CAT scan can let you know a proper analysis of blood, bone, and brain tissue. It can get the early detection of hemorrhagic strokes.
However, especially in the early phases of an ischemic stroke, it cannot always detect damage.
MRI scan for strokes.
A cardiac arrhythmia is considered a risk factor for embolic strokes.
A cerebrovascular episode necessitates immediate medical attention.
Because a person must get stroke drugs within a specified time frame from the onset of symptoms, rapid assessment and treatment are critical.
In the event of an acute stroke, the emergency team at CARE Hospitals can deliver the necessary medication to combat the problem.
A brain hemorrhage requires the attention of a neurosurgeon. Increased pressure is cured by surgery. This should be done under proper guidance. Doctors at CARE Hospitals perform the surgery with proper professional care.
The doctor makes an incision in the carotid artery and removes the plaque during carotid endarterectomy. This re-establishes blood flow.
Carotid angioplasty and stenting is a procedure that involves a surgeon placing a balloon-tipped catheter into the artery.
A stent or a thin metal is inserted by the doctor. It is done inside the carotid surgery. This increases blood flow.
After the treatment, the stent keeps the artery from collapsing or closing up.
Why Choose CARE Hospitals?
CARE Hospitals have an extensive range of world-class services provided by top-notch doctors in India. We promise to serve and diagnose the best possible treatment to our clients.
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