Today, the majority of couples adopt various methods to prevent pregnancy to effectively plan their families. It can be effectively managed by using a contraceptive device called an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). In this method of contraception, the egg and sperm cannot survive in the uterus or fallopian tubes or the fertilized egg cannot implant in the uterus.
The surgical procedure for sterilizing women is tubal ligation, which involves cutting or sealing the fallopian tubes. The procedure is usually performed as a day surgery through a minimally invasive procedure called laparoscopy.
Contraception: The methods prescribed and performed by doctors include long-acting reversible contraception, such as the implant or intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal contraception, such as the pill or Depo Provera injection, barrier methods, such as condoms, and emergency contraception. Additionally, we provide fertility awareness advice from our gynecologists.
CARE Hospitals has an active Family Planning centre in Hyderabad which is a great place to turn to if you want to postpone having a baby or stop having one altogether. Our gynecologists advise you on the most effective contraception and sterilization options.
The top gynecologists at Family Planning operation in Hyderabad at CARE Hospitals are highly trained specialists who provide women and their families with information about contraceptives, as well as minimally invasive procedures when necessary.
Barrier Methods of Birth Control
A condom is a thin sheath of latex or polyurethane. A male condom wraps around the erect penis. Female condoms are inserted into the vagina before intercourse.
In order to prevent pregnancy, a condom must be worn at all times during sexual activity.
Condoms are available at any drug store or grocery store. Free condoms are provided by some family planning clinics. The condoms do not require a prescription.
Diaphragm and Cervical Cap:
Diaphragms are flexible rubber cups filled with spermicidal cream or jelly.
Before intercourse, it is placed over the cervix to prevent sperm from reaching the uterus.
It should remain in place for six to eight hours after intercourse.
A woman’s health care provider must prescribe diaphragms. An appropriate diaphragm for a woman will be determined by the provider.
Approximately five to twenty pregnancies occur per 100 women using this method over a one-year period, depending on its proper use.
A cervical cap is a smaller version of this.
In addition, the diaphragm or spermicide may cause irritation and allergic reactions, and urinary tract infections and vaginal yeast infections may increase. Occasionally, toxic shock syndrome can develop in women who leave their diaphragm in for too long. Cervical caps can cause abnormal Pap tests.
The contraceptive sponges contain a chemical that disables or kills sperm.
A moistened sponge is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix before intercourse.
The vaginal sponge can be purchased at your local pharmacy without a prescription.
Hormonal Methods of Birth Control
These methods use hormones to control pregnancy. The women will either have estrogen and progestin together or just progestin. Most hormonal birth control methods require a prescription.
A woman’s ovary cannot release an egg during her cycle because of both hormones. This is accomplished by affecting the levels of other hormones made by the body.
The progesterone in a woman’s body makes the mucus around her cervix thick and sticky, which prevents sperm from reaching the egg.
Hormonal methods of birth control include:
Birth control pills: They may contain estrogen and progestin, or only progestin.
Implants: These are small rods inserted under the skin. They release a hormone continuously to prevent ovulation.
Progestin injections, such as Depo-Provera, are given every three months into the upper arm or buttocks.
The Ortho Evra skin patch is placed on your shoulder, buttocks, or another part of your body. It releases hormones continuously.
A vaginal ring, such as NuvaRing, is flexible and about 2 inches (5 centimeters) wide. It is inserted into the vaginal canal. It releases estrogen and progestin.
Emergency (or “morning after”) contraception: This medication is available at your local pharmacy without a prescription.
IUD (Intrauterine Device):
The IUD is a small plastic or copper device placed inside a woman’s uterus by the healthcare provider. It may release small amounts of progesterone. Depending on the device, IUDs can be left in place for 3 to 10 years.
An IUD can be inserted almost anytime.
IUDs are safe and effective. A woman using an IUD is less likely to become pregnant than 1 out of 100 a year.
IUDs that release progestin may be used to reduce cramps and heavy menstrual bleeding. They may also stop menstrual periods completely.
Permanent Methods of Birth Control
It’s best for men, women, or couples who are certain they won’t have children in the future. The most common are vasectomy (for men) and tubal ligation (for women). In some cases, these procedures can be reversed if a pregnancy is desired later. There is, however, a low success rate for reversal.
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