The condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin is categorised as Juvenile diabetes. These are commonly known as type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. Insulin allows sugar in the form of glucose to reach out to the cells of the body, which in turn provides and gives food energy.
Juvenile Diabetes is a chronic condition and can be due to many underlying factors such as genetics. As the name suggests, these are commonly found in children or adolescents. However, adults can also develop type 1 diabetes due to other influential factors.
One can’t cure diabetes, however, with the help of proper management and treatment, it can be maintained. To prevent complications, doctors at CARE Hospitals suggest opting for lifestyle changes including insulin intake and healthy diets.
Type 1 diabetes can be prominently seen in children and give out immediate signs and symptoms. However proper diagnosis is required prior to the treatment as these symptoms may be due to other underlying issues.
The symptoms are-
Bed-wetting in children
Unintended weight loss
other mood changes like anxiety
If these symptoms continue, consult the doctor immediately.
There are a lot of risk factors associated with type 1 or juvenile diabetes, like-
Family History- Genes play an important role even in acquiring chronic health problems. If one of the family members is type 1 positive, you can be prone to juvenile diabetes.
Genetics- If you have a certain diabetic gene in your markups, you’ll be prone to type 1 diabetes.
Geography- When one travels away from the equator, the chances of type 1 diabetes increase.
Age- Juvenile diabetes can be acquired at any age but the general peak ages are 4-7 years in younger children and 10-14 years in pre-teen children.
The methods used for diagnosis of include;
Glycated haemoglobin A1C test- the average blood sugar level is calculated and analysed in the A1C tests. It gives the analyses of 2-3 months and will measure the blood-sugar percentage with an oxygen-carrying protein in haemoglobin. Higher blood sugar levels indicate more sugar attached with Hb. A level of 6.5 and higher indicates a higher chance of diabetes.
Not everyone is suitable for these tests like pregnant women and hence are recommended different diagnostic tests.
Random blood sugar test- random testing will be done on the blood sample to analyse the sugar level. This can be repeated more than once and is expressed in mg/dL. A level higher than 200 will indicate sugar or diabetes.
Fasting blood sugar test- this test is conducted after a fast; that is overnight fast. A value equal to 126 or higher indicates sugar in these tests.
After the diagnosis, a test to know autoantibodies is done. These are common in type 1 diabetes and are run through blood tests. The common presence is validated by the presence of ketones.
The doctors will also take blood and urine samples to check the liver function, thyroid, kidney, and cholesterol levels periodically. Physical examinations will also be done like the Bp and sugar levels.
There are a lot of treatments available for juvenile diabetes that are done to manage and maintain diabetes levels. These are-
Carbohydrate, fat, and protein count
Blood sugar monitoring
Eating a good diet
Insulin and other medications
lifelong insulin therapy can make a person fight through juvenile diabetes. There are 4 types of insulin available- short-acting or regular, rapid-acting, intermediate-acting or NPH, and long-acting.
These are taken via injections or an insulin pump. Orally they would lower the blood sugar level.
Blood sugar monitoring
Doctors suggest checking the blood sugar at least 4-5 times a day and keeping a record of it- before the meal, after the meal, after waking up, or before going to sleep.
Continuous glucose monitoring or the CGM is a new technology that checks blood sugar levels. It can prevent hypoglycemia and can lower the A1C.
Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle
Weight management is very important if one has diabetes. Hence, it is recommended to follow a nutritious diet along with cardiovascular exercises and move the body along.
Your diet should be nutritious and contain carbohydrates, proteins, fats and fibre in optimal quality and quantity.
Give up the junk food and opt for more healthy options like dry fruits and fruits
Follow a workout regime of Yoga, muscle training and physical aerobic exercises like walking, swimming or running. Devote at least ½ hour for these workouts.
Why Choose CARE Hospitals?
Type 1 or Juvenile Diabetes is one of the leading chronic diseases worldwide for children and kids. At CARE Hospitals we aim to provide proper management techniques against type 1 diabetes.
With our extensive and comprehensive approach towards human welfare and wellness, we provide proper diagnosis against type 1 diabetes. Our world-class technology may help you and give you a new life. Follow the treatments and management plan to get the best results out of the doctors at CARE Hospitals.
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