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Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery

Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery In Hyderabad

A procedure of performing spinal surgery is known as minimally invasive spine surgery. Your surgeon makes a single large incision (cut) into your skin in a "conventional" open surgical procedure. 

A considerable quantity of muscle and surrounding soft tissue is distributed or pulled out of the way and removed from the bone. This lets your surgeon see the surgery site properly. The process might lead to additional muscle injury and pain.

During the surgery, the surgeon will make one or more small incisions (approximately 12 inches each) through the skin. To allow the medical professional to work in a narrower operational field, a small metal tube or endoscope is inserted into the incision. When compared to a single lengthy incision, working through smaller wounds does far less harm to muscles and soft tissues.

There are many types of surgeries involved in minimally invasive spine surgery-

  • Spinal fusion- performed on degenerative or “slipped” discs.
  • Deformity corrections like for scoliosis and kyphosis.
  • Decompression of spinal tumours.
  • Repair and stabilization of vertebral compression fractures.
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis.
  • Infection in the spine.

Symptoms 

There are many factors that can make you opt for minimally invasive spinal surgery-

  • Back or neck pain or sciatica is the type of pain, weakness, or tingling that extends to the lower limbs.
  • Bulging or herniated disks or degenerative disk disease
  • Worn spinal joints called posterior facet syndrome
  • Injured or diseased spinal nerve roots
  • Herniated disc
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Spinal deformities such as scoliosis
  • Spinal infections
  • Spinal instability including spondylolisthesis
  • Vertebral compression fractures
  • Spinal tumours

This procedure isn’t approved for everyone. It has distinct indications that a surgeon can tell. With the proper diagnosis, your doctor will decide whether or not you need the surgery.

Risks

The common risks associated with minimally invasive spinal surgery are-

  • Bad reaction to the anaesthesia.
  • Pneumonia after surgery.
  • Blood clots in lower limbs (deep vein thrombosis) that may travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism).
  • Infection at the site of surgery.
  • Blood loss requiring a transfusion due to surgery.

Specific risks include-

  • Injury to the nerves or spinal cord. This may result in pain or even paralysis.
  • Damage to surrounding tissues.
  • Pain from the surgery itself.
  • Spinal fluid leak

You may also require a second surgery if the first attempt of spinal surgery fails. 

Diagnosis 

After conducting the physical examinations and blood tests your doctor can recommend a series of tests and procedures. With the advancements, doctors at CARE Hospitals conduct the diagnosis after knowing the medical history of the patient. 

The procedure is not suitable for everyone and hence requires a series of tests before the treatment. X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of your spine will be conducted by your surgeon. This will help the surgeons to know the spine and its condition.

Antibiotics may be prescribed to take before and after your surgery. These help in the prevention of infection.  The procedure is treated after the doctor knows the following-

  • If you have persistent pain
  • If the pain travels from the neck to the extremities
  • If the pain travels from the lower back to lower limbs
  • If you had back surgery and still have pains 

Patients will undergo the decompression of the spinal cord, stability and correction of the deformity. To know whether you are eligible to undergo the surgery your surgeon will diagnose all the conditions mentioned. Book the appointment at CARE Hospitals to get the proper analysis.

Treatment

The treatment is followed after the full diagnosis of the patient-

  • Anaesthesia is given to the patient that can be regional or general. 
  • The surgeon decides the apt technique surgery for the patient. The most common can be done by making an incision in the skin- at the back, chest or abdomen. 
  • A fluoroscope or endoscopy is used to determine the area of the incision. With the help of a portable X-Ray machine, spine photos are taken to know the status of the area. Endoscopic spine surgery is an improvised device that makes better visibility, light, and 3D depth perception. 
  • It gives surgeons better visibility, light, and 3D depth perception that is a thin tube with the camera lens and light source. Also, the endoscope may be used to insert a broad range of equipment.
  •  It allows the minimally invasive method to be used for many procedures and patients. The endoscopic spine surgery method can also be used to carry spinal fusions and decompressions.
  • Retractors create little tunnels of workspace from the hole in the skin to the targeted location on the spine. The same is used to remove bone and tissue from the spine during surgery. Tubular retractors keep the muscles away from the surgical site. The muscles will return to their position once the retractors are removed. 
  • Stitches are made after the surgery to close the incision site.

Why choose CARE Hospitals 

CARE Hospitals heritage is defined by its unwavering commitment to clinical excellence, low costs, cutting-edge technology, and infrastructure. CARE Hospitals is one of the world's first hospitals to use technology to help with seamless healthcare delivery. We were a few of the first ones in India to introduce various cutting-edge advancements. We work for the benefit of humanity and are devoted to achieving and maintaining excellence in healthcare.

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