Ovarian cancer refers to the excessive growth of cells that occurs in the ovaries. These cells can multiply rapidly as well as invade and destroy other nearby healthy tissues.
The ovaries refer to the female reproductive system that helps to produce eggs and hormones. There are two ovaries present on each side of the uterus. Each of the ovaries is the size of an almond.
Ovarian cancer is not very common. However, it reports the maximum number of deaths as compared to other female reproductive cancers. Detecting ovarian cancer at an early stage offers a better chance of recovery. Unfortunately, it is difficult to detect ovarian cancer at an early stage.
During the early stages of ovarian cancer, there may not be any signs of symptoms visible. However, at a later stage some signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer can include:
Abdominal Swelling or Bleeding
Immediately feeling full after eating
Sudden weight loss
Discomfort in the pelvic region
Frequent urge to urinate
Changes in bowel habits that can even include constipation
You must immediately make an appointment with your doctor if you feel you have any symptoms or signs that worry you.
It is not clear what causes ovarian cancer, however, doctors are able to identify certain things that could increase the risk of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian cancer generally begins when mutations occur in or near the cells of the ovaries. These mutations can invade and destroy nearby tissues. The mutations can even spread to other parts of the body causing different kinds of cancer to occur.
Ovarian cancer depends on the type of cell where the cancer begins. Depending on the stage and size of the cancer, a few types of ovarian cancer can include:
Some of the factors that can increase the risk of Ovarian Cancer include:
Some other inherited gene changes that can increase the risk of ovarian cancer can include changes associated with RAD51D, RAD51C, and BRIP1.
For the accurate diagnosis of ovarian cancer, doctors can use the following tests and procedures:
The treatment for ovarian cancer generally involves a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. Hence, the treatment options for ovarian cancer can include:
There are different kinds of surgery that are done to treat ovarian cancer. These can include:
Surgery to remove one Ovary: For those who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer at an early stage and have the tumour in only one ovary, in this case, surgery to remove that particular ovary and the fallopian tube connected to it will be conducted.
Surgery to remove both ovaries: If the cancer is present in both the ovaries and hasn't spread to other parts of the body, then the doctor will remove both the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
Surgery to remove both ovaries and uterus: When cancer reaches an advanced stage, or if you wish not to get pregnant, the doctor will remove both the ovaries, fallopian tubes, as well as the uterus, nearby lymph nodes, and the omentum (the fold of fatty abdominal tissue)
Surgery for advanced cancer: If the cancer is advanced then the doctor can suggest removing as much of it as possible.
Chemotherapy refers to a drug treatment that helps to kill all types of fast-growing cells, including cancer cells. These drugs can either be injected or taken orally.
This process includes focusing on a specific weakness present in cancer cells. By attacking these weaknesses, this therapy kills cancer cells.
Some other options for treating ovarian cancer can include:
Supportive (palliative care)
At CARE Hospitals, we use state-of-the-art technology and equipment to provide comprehensive diagnostic services in the field of oncology. Our well-trained doctors and staff will assist and care for you during your postoperative recovery period, as well as give out-of-hospital support for all of your concerns and other problems. The innovative and modern minimally invasive surgical techniques at CARE Hospitals will help you improve your quality of life.
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