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Paediatric Urology

Paediatric Urology is a surgical subspecialty that deals with children’s genitourinary tract and any disorders or congenital defects associated with them. Paediatric urologists focus on newborn patients, children, or adolescents. Issues related to urological conditions or abnormalities of the genitals of children fall under paediatric urology. All surgical services for all genitourinary conditions form part of paediatric urology. The most common conditions that children suffer from under paediatric urology are disorders of urination, reproductive organs, and testes.

Who are Paediatric Urologists?

Paediatric Urologists are specially trained surgeons who deal with urinary and genital issues in children. Children may often get urinary tract infections or may suffer from abnormalities or defects in their kidneys or genitalia. Paediatric urologists are specifically trained to sensitively handle children while treating such issues. It is not easy for children to communicate the problems they are undergoing especially if they are related to their urinary or genital system. 

Sometimes urological or genital conditions can be diagnosed during a prenatal ultrasound like an abnormality in kidney function or the genitals and may require surgery post-birth. If your child suffers from any such issue you may consult your paediatrician to see if you are in need to see a paediatric urologist. 

Paediatric Urology Conditions

As has been mentioned Paediatric urology deals with conditions of the genitourinary tract in children and infants. There are a large number of conditions that fall under this category. Some of them are:

  • Penile abnormalities

  • Bladder exstrophy

  • Cloacal anomalies

  • Hypospadias

  • Hydroceles

  • Hernias

  • Undescended testicles

  • Intersex (a condition wherein the genitals are incompletely or abnormally developed)

  • Kidney stones

  • Rhabdomyosarcoma of the genitourinary system

  • Testicular tumors

  • Neurogenic bladder from spinal cord lesions, such as myelomeningocele

  • Re-do urology surgery

  • Vesicoureteral reflux

  • Paediatric stone disease

  •  Ureteropelvic junction obstruction

  •  Hydronephrosis  

  • Ureteropelvic junction obstruction

  • Vesicoureteral reflux 

  • Wilms tumor and other kidney tumors

Treatments offered by CARE Hospitals

CARE Hospitals have a dedicated team of surgeons and paediatricians who work together to provide the best care for newborns, infants, and children suffering from disorders or conditions of the urinary or genital tract. We have a world-class paediatric department along with a highly advanced urology and nephrology department to provide the best possible service to our patients. 

1.    Urological treatments: CARE Hospitals has a top-notch urology department that deals with Paediatric urology as well. The common procedures offered by CARE Hospitals are:  

  • Transurethral Resection Of Bladder Tumor: this is done to test if a mass in the bladder is malignant or benign. The aim is to curb the spread of cancer.

  • Urethrotomy: it is performed when the urethra becomes narrowed or restricted due to urinary infection or an injury.

  • Laser Prostatectomy: It is used to treat Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).

  • Direct Visual Internal Urethrotomy:  It is a procedure used to treat stricture of the urethra in which the urethra is narrowed due to some swelling or restriction. The surgeon inserts a scope fitted with a camera (cystoscope) during the procedure up the urethra and removes the blockage.

1.    Nephrological treatments: The Kidney Institute at CARE Hospitals offers comprehensive nephrology services under one roof. CARE Hospitals offer treatments for kidney injury, kidney disease, kidney stones, Nephroblastoma or Wilms Tumor, Chronic Nephritis etc.  The procedures offered by CARE hospitals to treat kidney-related conditions are:

  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: it is a surgical procedure to remove kidney stones that cannot pass through the urinary tract on their own or cannot be removed through other procedures like lithotripsy or ureteroscopy as they are large (over 2 cm) and irregularly shaped. 

  • Kidney Transplant: it is a procedure wherein a healthy kidney is placed in the patient when their kidneys cannot function and lose about 90% of their ability to function normally.

  • Renal Angioplasty: it is a procedure used to unclog renal arteries. The arteries may get clogged due to several factors or diseases like atherosclerosis.  

1.    Circumcision: most people are unaware that paediatric urologists are also trained to perform circumcision in babies. A paediatric urologist will examine the baby’s weight and overall medical health and set up an in-office circumcision. CARE Hospitals has surgeons who perform the surgery in a sterile medical environment with appropriate tools minimising the risks of infection and genital mutilation with minimal or no pain. Such procedures must be carried out in a sterile medical environment under the supervision of a medical expert.

How can CARE Hospitals help?

CARE Hospitals provide state-of-the-art services under one roof. We have a highly invested team of paediatricians, nephrologists, urologists, surgeons, along with medical staff trained with international standards. The entire team at CARE Hospitals works together to provide the most comprehensive care possible for our patients. We understand that children need to be looked after with utmost care and precaution. CARE Hospitals train its medical staff to treat such sensitive patients with added care and compassion. Our paediatricians are highly skilled and the best in their field. They will guide you perfectly well about the condition and course of treatment of the patient. We have medical equipment and facilities of international standards that are one of the best in the country. We aim to provide such advanced medical care which is affordable and easily accessible by everyone.

Frequently Asked Questions

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