PCOD or PCOS is a problem affecting the ovaries, which produce progesterone and estrogen hormones that regulate menstruation and also produce small amounts of the hormones inhibin, relaxation, and male hormones known as androgens.
Women with PCOS produce more male hormones than women with PCOD. Due to this hormone imbalance, they skip their menstrual periods and have a more difficult time getting pregnant.
There are many women with PCOD / PCOS who are unaware of it. The following symptoms affect ovulation and the ovaries:
Increased levels of male hormones
Skipped or irregular periods
It is therefore imperative to seek out an experienced specialist to handle its management. At CARE Hospitals, a team of specialists provides patients with lifestyle advice and prescribes medications for women who are experiencing common symptoms such as altruism. Under one roof, our gynecologists with decades of experience provide comprehensive care to patients, along with specialists like dieticians, psychologists, and our state-of-the-art technology.
Symptoms and signs of PCOD / PCOS
A woman may notice symptoms during her first period, while others discover symptoms after experiencing difficulties trying to conceive. PCOD problem and PCOS are characterized by the following signs and symptoms:
Oligomenorrhea refers to irregular menstruation.
Amenorrhea refers to the absence of menstruation.
Menorrhagia refers to heavy menstrual bleeding.
Hair growth on the face and body, including the back, belly, and chest
Acne (face, chest, and upper back)
Hair loss (hair on the scalp gets thinner and falls out)
Skin darkening (Neck, in the groin, and under the breasts)
Causes of PCOD
We are not sure exactly how PCOD affects women, but there are some factors worth considering:
Excess insulin production: High insulin levels in the body can increase androgen production (a male hormone that females produce very little of) which interferes with ovulation.
Excess androgen production: Excess androgen hormones produced by the ovaries can lead to acne and hirsutism (hair growth on the face and body).
Low-grade inflammation: Women with PCOD have low-grade inflammation that causes increased androgen production, which can lead to blood vessel or heart problems.
Hereditary: Certain genetic factors are associated with PCOD.
Diagnosis of PCOD / PCOS
An imaging study or blood test can be used to diagnose PCOD or PCOS, both of which affect body systems. Gynecologists ask about health history, eating habits, medications, vitamins, and supplements taken by the patient. These questions are based on symptoms like irregular periods, unwanted male-pattern hair growth, acne, or thinning of scalp hair.
A gynecologist may recommend the following tests to diagnose PCOD or PCOS:
Pelvic examination: Physically examining the reproductive organs to detect masses, abnormalities, or growths.
Blood tests: Blood tests will help diagnose hormone levels, including a fasting lipid profile (to check blood levels of cholesterol, high-density lipoproteins (HDL), triglycerides, and low-density lipoproteins (LDL)), glucose tolerance tests.
Imaging test: Ultrasound imaging is used to evaluate the size of the ovaries, the lining of the uterus, and cysts in the ovaries.
Additionally, the gynecologist may recommend other tests to determine if there are any complications. These tests may include:
Blood pressure, glucose tolerance, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels should be monitored regularly.
Check for anxiety and depression.
Checking for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
PCOD / PCOS Treatment
Your PCOD / PCOS treatment will target specific problems, such as irregular periods, obesity, infertility, acne, or hirsutism. The most common treatment involves a diet and exercise program and weight loss. By losing just 5 to 10 percent of your body weight, your menstrual cycle can be better regulated.
Symptoms like hair growth, acne, and metabolic disturbances will determine the treatment. These include:
Medications can regulate the menstrual cycle by treating hormonal imbalances and insulin resistance.
By using oral and injectable medicines, you can induce ovulation (quality and quantity).
Fertility drugs are used to treat infertility.
Reducing excessive hair growth.
Treating acne and pigmentation.
An ovarian drilling procedure is used in the case of PCOS patients who cannot respond to hormonal treatment.
Weight loss diets can be helpful for your condition. Nonetheless, some diets are more beneficial than others. Weight loss can reduce heart disease and diabetes risks, as well as improve cholesterol levels and lower insulin levels.
Women can lose weight by exercising for 20 minutes at a moderate intensity five days a week. Exercise helps to improve ovulation and insulin levels as well as weight loss.
The best treatment for PCOD and PCOS will include on-time diagnosis, along with the right treatment modalities in order to overcome the symptoms. To treat hormonal imbalance and conditions related to it, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is equally important.
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