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Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. Sexual contact may occur through the vagina, anus, or oral. Sometimes, sexual diseases can also transmit through the skin to skin contact as in the case of herpes and HPV. There are several types of sexually transmitted diseases. The most common sexually transmitted infections include the following: Herpes, HPV, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Aids, Pubic lice, Trichomoniasis, etc. Both men and women are affected by most STDs. But, women suffer from more complications as compared to men. If a woman gets infected during pregnancy it can cause serious health issues with the unborn baby.
Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases
Many people do not experience any symptoms with an STD. a sexually active person should regularly get tested. You can pass on an STD without even knowing it. The general symptoms of STDs include the following:
Some people do not experience any symptoms. Other people may experience the following symptoms:
Sores, bumps, or warts may be present near the vagina, penis, anus, or mouth.
There may be itching, redness, swelling around the genital parts
There may be foul discharge from the genital symptoms
The discharge from the vagina may have a bad odour which may be of different colours and may produce irritation of the genital organs.
Unusual bleeding may occur from genital parts
The sexual act may be painful
Other symptoms of STDs may include the following:
Pains, fever, and chills may be present
Urination may be painful and frequent
Some people experience rashes on the other parts of the body
Some people may have weight loss, night sweats, and diarrhoea
Causes of STDs
STDS are caused by infections transmitted during sex and can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. The transmission of infection may occur through body fluids or skin-to-skin contact through the vagina, anal, and oral sex.
Some STDs may get transmitted through infected needles as the virus or bacteria may be present in the blood.
Diagnosis of STDS
If you experience uncomfortable symptoms such as burning, itching of genitals and pain during sex, and foul discharge from the vagina or penis, you must schedule an appointment with a doctor at the CARE Hospitals. The doctors at the CARE Hospitals have years of experience and they use the state of the art treatment therapies for the patients depending on their individual needs.
The doctor can do a physical examination to find out if you have symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms, personal, and medical history.
The doctor may recommend some tests that can help in the diagnosis of an STD.
Tests for the diagnosis of an STD will include a urine test, a blood test, a swab of the genital area, taking a fluid sample from sores, taking discharge samples from the vagina, cervix, penis, throat, anus, or urethra.
Some STDs may be diagnosed by using special procedures called colposcopy.
Treatment options for STDs
Different treatment options are available depending on the symptoms and condition of the patient:
The doctor may give antibiotics if it is a bacterial infection. You must take the antibiotic treatment for the period recommended by the doctor. Stopping the treatment in between can lead to the return of the symptoms.
May give oral and topical applications to reduce itching and redness of the skin
In some cases, the doctor may advise surgery
Laser surgery is also recommended for certain types of STDs
The doctor may also advise you to avoid sex when the treatment is going on. Some STDs do not have any cure such as AIDs, herpes, etc.
Tips to prevent an STD
If you want to prevent an STD, you must take the following tips. The best thing to prevent an STD is to avoid sexual contact. You can also take other precautions to prevent an STD.
You must talk to your partner openly and should discuss your sexual history with your new partner before having sex.
Regular screening of sexually transmitted infections can help in early diagnosis and treatment. Avoid having multiple partners.
Use some protection such as a condom while doing vaginal or anal sex. Other protective devices are also available to prevent the transmission of STDs during oral sex.
Get a vaccine for HPV and hepatitis B at an early age to reduce the risk of getting infected.
You must educate yourself about the signs and symptoms of STDs so that you can identify the symptoms quickly and get the treatment for the same as soon as possible.
Choose a sex partner carefully and get testing done before having sex for the first time with a new partner.
At CARE Hospitals, you can find qualified doctors who can help you and offer the right treatment that doesn’t hinder the quality of your life.
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