A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an illness that can affect any portion of your urinary system, including your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Women are more likely than males to have a UTI. A bladder infection may be excruciatingly painful and inconvenient. However, if a UTI spreads to your kidneys, it might have significant implications.
Antibiotics are frequently used to treat urinary tract infections. However, there are things you may do to lower your chances of acquiring a UTI in the first place.
Urinary tract infections may not often generate symptoms, but when they do, they may include the following:
Urge to urinate that is strong and constant
When urinating, there is a burning feeling.
passing little volumes of urine on a regular basis
Urine with a hazy appearance
Pee that is scarlet, bright pink, or cola-coloured – this is an indication of blood in the urine.
Urine that smells strongly
Pelvic discomfort in women, particularly in the middle of the pelvic and around the pubic bone
In elderly persons, urinary tract infections (UTIs) may be missed or misdiagnosed as other illnesses.
In most cases, urinary tract infections originate when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and grow in the bladder. Although the urinary system is meant to keep such minuscule intruders out, these defences do fail from time to time. Bacteria may take root and grow into a full-fledged infection in the urinary system if this occurs.
UTIs are most frequent in women and damage the bladder and urethra.
Urinary tract infection (cystitis)- This form of UTI is typically caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacterium commonly present in the GI tract. Other bacteria, on the other hand, are occasionally to blame.
Cystitis can be caused by sexual activity, but you don't have to be sexually active to have it. Because of their anatomy — notably, the short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the bladder — all women are at risk of cystitis.
Urinary tract infection (urethritis)- When GI bacteria move from the anus to the urethra, this form of UTI can arise. Furthermore, since the female urethra is so near to the vagina, sexually transmitted illnesses including herpes, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, and mycoplasma can induce urethritis.
Urinary tract infections are prevalent in women, and many of them have more than one infection throughout their lives. Women are more likely to have UTIs if they have the following risk factors:
The female anatomy.
Sexual behaviour- UTIs are more common in sexually active women than in non-sexually active women.
Certain kinds of birth control are available- Women who use diaphragms for birth control, as well as those who use spermicidal drugs, may be at greater risk.
Menopause- A decrease in circulating oestrogen after menopause produces changes in the urinary system that make you more susceptible to infection.
Other risk factors for UTIs are as follows:
Abnormalities in the urinary tract- Babies born with urinary tract anomalies that prevent urine from leaving the body normally or cause urine to back up in the urethra are more likely to get UTIs.
Urinary tract obstructions Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate can cause urine to become trapped in the bladder, increasing the risk of UTIs.
A weakened immune system- Diabetes and other conditions that weaken the immune system — the body's fight against pathogens — might raise the risk of UTIs.
Catheter insertion. People who can't pee on their own and urinate through a tube (catheter) are at a higher risk of UTIs.
Persons who are hospitalised, people with neurological issues that make it difficult to manage their capacity to urinate, and people who are paralyzed may fall into this category.
A recent urological operation- Urinary surgery or a medically assisted check of your urinary system can both raise your chance of obtaining a urinary tract infection.
Diagnosis at CARE Hospitals
The following tests and techniques are used to detect urinary tract infections:
A urine sample is being analysed: Your doctor may request a urine sample for testing for white blood cells, red blood cells, or bacteria. To avoid contamination of the sample, you may be told to clean your genital area with an antiseptic pad before collecting the pee midstream.
In a lab, microorganisms from the urinary system are being grown. Urine culture is sometimes performed after a urine lab analysis. This test informs your doctor about the bacteria that is causing your infection and which drugs will be most successful.
If you have frequent infections that your doctor suspects are caused by urinary tract abnormalities, you may be subjected to an ultrasound, a computed tomography (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A contrast dye may also be used by your doctor to highlight structures in your urinary system.
Using a scope to inspect the interior of your bladder - If you have recurring UTIs, your doctor may do a cystoscopy, which involves inserting a long, thin tube with a lens (cystoscope) into your urethra and bladder to examine the inside of your urethra and bladder.
Treatment at CARE Hospitals
In most cases, antibiotics are the first-line therapy for urinary tract infections. The medications given and the duration of treatment is determined by your medical condition and the type of bacteria discovered in your urine. A straightforward infection may be cured with antibiotics and medications prescribed by the doctor.
UTI symptoms usually go away within a few days after commencing medication. However, you may need to continue taking antibiotics for a week or longer. Take antibiotics for the whole course.
Your doctor may prescribe a shorter course of therapy, such as taking an antibiotic for one to three days, if you have an uncomplicated UTI that arises while you are otherwise healthy. However, whether this brief course of treatment is sufficient to treat your infection is dependent on your specific symptoms and medical history
If you have frequent UTIs, your doctor may offer specific treatments, such as:
Antibiotics at low doses, typically for six months but sometimes for longer
If your illnesses are caused by sexual activity, a single dosage of antibiotics should be administered after sexual intercourse.
If you are postmenopausal, you may benefit from vaginal oestrogen treatment.
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