Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer. Research to treat cancer effectively has been going on for decades. Different modes of treatment are now being developed for cancer successfully. One such method is immunotherapy. It is an innovative technique wherein the patient’s own immune system is used to fight the cancer cells of the body. The therapy works by boosting or changing the way the immune system works to help it find cancer cells and attack them.
Although immunotherapy is not the most common method of treating cancer, it is used for some specific types of cancers. Generally, treatments like chemotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy are more common procedures to treat cancer.
Types of Cancers that immunotherapy can treat
Immunotherapy has been shown to be effective in treating many types of cancers. Many doctors are now using immunotherapy more often as part of their usual cancer treatment procedure. Some common cancers that can be effectively treated with immunotherapy are Bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, kidney cancer, Colorectal cancer, Esophageal cancer, Leukemia, Liver cancer, lung cancer, lymphoma, melanoma, sarcoma, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, etc.
Currently, many clinical trials are being conducted to find out the effectiveness of immunotherapy in other types of cancers as well.
Risk Factors of Immunotherapy
Similar to any treatment, immunotherapy can affect different people differently. Some people may not have any side effects while some may exhibit the following side effects after the therapy:
Reaction on the needle site like pain, swelling, redness, itching, soreness and rash.
Flu-like symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, dizziness, body ache, weakness, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, breathing issues, high or low blood pressure etc.
Increased weight and/or swelling due to fluid retention
Many side effects can differ depending on the type of immunotherapy a person gets. Also, some people may be at risk for myocarditis due to their age or any other underlying issue. These patients must be carefully monitored post-therapy.
Cancer Treatments offered by CARE Hospitals
Although immunotherapy is used to treat certain types of cancers, many other treatments are often considered first in treating a wide range of cancers. CARE hospitals have a dedicated oncology department that offers the following treatments for various cancers:
Radical Prostatectomy: it is a surgery performed on patients with prostate cancer. In this procedure, the prostate gland and the tissue surrounding it is removed. This is essentially done to stop the spread of cancer any further in the body. Doctors at CARE hospitals carefully monitor such patients and then decide if surgery is the best alternative. They may first try to treat the condition using radiation therapy or hormone therapy as well.
Lumpectomy: it is a surgery that is used to remove a cancerous lump from the breast instead of a complete mastectomy. If cancer’s edges are well defined, a lumpectomy may be performed to remove the lump and some tissue around it to stop cancer from spreading any further. Lumpectomy patients will usually have to go for 5-7 weeks of radiation therapy to ensure that the cancer is treated fully.
Skin Cancer Surgery: basal and squamous cell cancers are usually treated with skin cancer surgery. The surgery is also called Mohs Micrographic Surgery or simply Mohs Surgery. The surgery may be followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
Breast Reduction Surgery or mammoplasty: it is a cosmetic surgery that is often used for patients who have had a part or complete breast removal surgery due to cancer. This surgery helps them to gain their confidence back and improve their self-image.
Radiation Therapy: it is the most common treatment for most cancers. As the cancer cells tend to divide and multiply quickly, radiation therapy is used for cells before they spread to other parts of the body. Radiation therapy does have its side effects as it can affect other healthy cells in the boy as well. Therefore the therapy is only performed by expert professionals under strict supervision. Moreover, doctors may also prescribe medications to subside the side effects of the therapy.
Bladder Cancer Surgery: there are two types of bladder cancer surgeries. They are Transurethral resection and Cystectomy. Transurethral resection is usually performed in the early stage of bladder cancer. In this procedure, the abnormal tissue of the area is removed. However, for a Cystectomy, the entire bladder is removed through an incision in the stomach. This is done as a last resort to curb cancer.
Lung Cancer Surgery or thoracotomy: this is used to treat non-small cell lung cancer in Stage I or Stage II. a part of an entire lobe of the lung may be removed in this surgery. The surgery may be accompanied by another procedure called cryosurgery.
Breast Cancer treatment. CARE hospital has an expert team of doctors who carefully monitor the patient before prescribing the course of treatment. This usually includes partial or complete surgical removal of breast tissue, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormone replacement therapy.
PICC Line Repair: this is used to deliver medications in the body like chemotherapy, antibiotics, blood transfusion, liquid fluid, and IV (intravenous) fluids.
Thyroidectomy: it is used to treat thyroid cancer by partially or completely removing the gland.
How can CARE hospitals help?
CARE hospitals aim to provide treatment and service of international standards to its cancer patients that are not only top-notch but also reasonable. At CARE Hospitals, we have a dedicated Oncology department with world-class facilities and experienced doctors. Cancer takes a toll on a patient's physical as well as mental health. Therefore, our Oncology team is specially trained to provide end-to-end care to our patients and ensure that they are well-supported and taken care of at every stage of the treatment. CARE hospital has treated thousands of cancer patients successfully with its comprehensive cancer treatment with international protocols and the best patient care program.
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