Multiple Sclerosis

Movement Disorder Treatment in Hyderabad

Trusted and Comprehensive Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis 

Fighting from a chronic disease like multiple sclerosis and looking for the best treatment? then you have landed at the right place. CARE Hospitals offer the best cure for multiple sclerosis. This disease affects the central nervous system of the spinal cord, brain, and optic nerves. And, symptoms can be varied throughout the body. In the initial stages, the patient can suffer from symptoms like numbness in limbs or tingling and blurred vision. In severe cases, vision loss, mobility problems, and paralysis are reported (it is quite common). 

Discovering the cause of multiple sclerosis 

Scientists do not offer an exact cause of MS (multiple sclerosis) but they believe that MS is an autoimmune disorder that impacts the central nervous system of a human. If a person is suffering from autoimmune disease, then healthy tissues are attacked by the immune system just like bacteria or viruses. In multiple sclerosis, the immune system assaults the myelin sheath that protects and surrounds the nerve fiberes at the same time causing inflammation. This disease results in scar tissues in varied areas. Doctors call this sclerosis or scars areas lesions or plaques. They primarily impact:-

  • Presence of white matter in some areas of the brain 

  • spinal cord

  • brain stem 

  • cerebellum responsible for coordinating balance and movements

  • optic nerves

With the growth of lesions, nerves can get damaged. Due to this, brain electrical pulses stop the smooth flow and disable the body from attempting certain functions. 

Multiple sclerosis has been categorised into four types:-

RRMS (Relapse-remitting MS) - This is considered the most common type as around 80% of people are diagnosed with this at the initial stage. This includes episodes of fresh and growing symptoms that are followed by remission periods during that time a few symptoms go away completely or partially. 
CIS (Clinically isolated syndrome) - It is known as the first or single episode in which symptoms last around 24 hours. At a later stage, it is called RRMS. 
PPMS (Primary Progressive MS) - Symptoms of multiple sclerosis deteriorate progressively in absence of remission or early relapses. It is reported among 20% of people. 
SPMS (Secondary progressive MS - Once people have experienced remission or relapse episodes, then this disease starts progressing steadily. 

Come to us when you have early symptoms and signs 

By now, you are aware of the fact that MS impacts the central nervous system that controls each action of our body, so it may affect different body parts, such as:
Tingling and numbness - A needle or pin-type sensation is felt as the earliest symptom. It may affect the legs, arms, body, and face. 
Weakness of muscles - With the symptoms growing, people may start developing weak muscles in the absence of stimulation that further resulting in nerve damage. 
Bladder issues - This is called an early sign where a person does not have control over urination and finds it difficult to empty his bladder. 
Sign of Lhermitte - It is like a sensation of electric shock at the time of moving your neck. 
Vertigo and dizziness - These are problems that are accompanied by coordination and balance issues. 
Bowel issues - Faecal impaction is caused due to constipation which may further result in bowel incontinence. 
Sexual dysfunction - Both females and males start losing interest in sex. 
Vision issues - First people report tremors. After this, they also experience blurred or double vision. This may be a total loss or partial loss of vision. There is a pain in eye movement and one eye is affected at a time. 
Memory and learning issues - The patient finds it hard to plan, concentrate, multitask, prioritise and learn. 
Depression - Nerve fibere damage or demyelination might be damaged in the brain that results in emotional changes. 
Pain - This is a usual symptom of MS, especially neuropathic pain. Other pains are due to muscle stiffness. A few less common symptoms include hearing loss, headache, itching, breathing issues, speech disorders, and more. 

Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis by our specialists 

Our experts map out all the causes such as age, genetic factors, sex, infections, smoking habits, vitamin D or B12 deficiency, etc. Once we are done with knowing the potential causes and medical history of the patient, it is time that our doctors recommend neurological and physical examination. Sometimes, a single test is not enough according to the severity, so we go for different strategies for diagnosis criteria, which includes:

  • Spinal fluid analysis is able to evaluate antibodies that indicate earlier protein consistency or infection. 

  • MRI scan for spinal cord and brain to explore lesions. 

  • An evoked diagnosis is done to evaluate electrical activity for stimuli response.

Specialised treatment for multiple sclerosis 

It is true that there is no complete cure for multiple sclerosis but we have treatment for it to show its progression. Our treatment is effective to reduce relapses severity and relieve the potential symptoms. For a few patients, we also use alternative or complementary therapies. 

Medications for slow progression 

Our doctors recommend DMT (disease-modifying therapies) that have been approved by FDA (Food and drug administration) to treat MS relapsing forms. These work on modifying the functions of the immune system. Our doctors give these in varied ways via infusion, injection, or mouth. The intervals that a patient needs these drugs also vary from patient to patient. 

Our aim is to offer the best treatment to our patients so along with impactful medications, we also provide potential physical and rehabilitation therapies. We recommend physical therapy to restore and maintain maximum movement ability. Occupational therapy for self-care, therapeutic usage of work, and maintaining physical and mental function. Cognitive, vocational and occupational therapies also work wonders for the patients. Have queries in your mind, share them with us, and get the best guidance and treatment. 

Frequently Asked Questions

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