Constipation, reflux, vomiting, and more are some gastric diseases that your child can suffer from. For these, you should consult a paediatric gastroenterologist.
Paediatric Gastroenterologists specialise in treating several conditions and diseases in children. Here are a few of the diseases which demands a visit to the paediatric gastroenterologist:-
Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract
Complicated or severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (reflux or GERD)
Food allergies or intolerances
Inflammatory bowel disease
Short bowel syndrome
Acute or chronic abdominal pain
Severe or chronic diarrhoea
Pancreatic insufficiency (including cystic fibrosis) and pancreatitis
Nutritional problems (including malnutrition, obesity, and failure to thrive)
Paediatric gastroenterologists undergo special training which enables them to perform specific diagnostic tests according to the digestive system of the children. Colonoscopy and esophagogastroduodenoscopy are some of the procedures that are performed expertly by paediatric gastroenterologists. Issues like swallowing issues, bleeding and other problems related to the intestine are also treated by paediatric gastroenterologists.
Paediatric gastroenterologists are generally extensively experienced and are experts in managing and treating any nutritional issues in children. Children, teens, and infants with liver diseases are also diagnosed and treated by paediatric gastroenterologists. Paediatric gastroenterologists are healthcare professionals who treat children right from birth up to their teenage years. Constipation, poor growth, vomiting, jaundice, reflux, diarrhoea, stomach ache are a few of the diseases which are treated by these medical professionals. Therefore, if your child is suffering from any of these diseases, you need to consult a paediatric gastroenterologist.
The Most Important Diseases Related to Paediatric Gastroenterology
Constipation in Children- Constipation is a very common problem, more so in children. This is a disease whose symptoms are very well known among everyone. If a child faces a problem with defecation for a stretched period of time, then this might be a sure sign and symptom for constipation. Infrequent defecation, hard stools, large tools, difficulty in passing the stool, painful defecation, are all signs and symptoms of constipation. During weaning for infants, constipation might occur very frequently. It also occurs during school age or while potty training toddlers. Past medical history, food allergies, psychological disorders, and anatomical anomalies are some major contributing factors for Constipation.
Poor Growth- Many children experience poor growth and this frequently becomes a serious matter of concern for the parents. In this condition, a child experiences a slower growth rate than other children of the same age and gender group. The growth refers to weight as well as the height of the child. Chronic infections, low birth weight, genetic problems, metabolism, problems, anaemia, and hormonal problems can be some of the major factors that affect the growth rate of a child. During a regular hospital visit, this condition can be generally diagnosed by your doctor. Most of the time, it is this way that the poor growth is caused in children chiefly due to certain nutritional deficiencies. For this reason, it is very important to have a balanced meal every part of the day. A well balanced diet will help in healthier growth. There are healthcare specialists who specialise in nutrition. It is always prudent to contact them if your child is undergoing poor growth. They will provide your child with a proper diet chart which will keep your child healthy and well.
Jaundice- A medical condition which expresses itself chiefly in the form of yellowish skin is known as jaundice. Excessive bilirubin, if present in the blood, causes the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes in the mouth to turn yellow. This is the main sign of Jaundice. Jaundice might be an indication of a damaged liver in older children. This also may indicate any other infections or other ailments that cause damage to the liver. Immediate medical attention should be given to the children who suffer from Jaundice. New-borns are at greater risk of getting jaundice. This usually happens and disappears within the few initial days of life. The treatment for jaundice is mainly done based on the cause.
Reflux- Reflux refers to the condition that causes the contents of your stomach to move back up your food pipe during or after a meal. This is something that not only occurs in babies and children, but also occurs in adults. Reflux is not generally considered to be severely problematic. But sometimes, it can turn out to be problematic and cause poor weight gain, bleeding or inflammation of the food pipe, and respiratory troubles.
Gastroenteritis- An infection to the guts or to the intestines that causes diarrhoea, vomiting, and abdominal pain is known as Gastroenteritis. Under normal conditions, this infection usually clears up within a few days. But just in case, if it does not clear up, you need to consult a doctor immediately. This is because a child’s body might get dehydrated very fast with continuous vomiting and abdominal pain. Gastro infections can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or microbes. Rotavirus is the most common virus that is known to cause gastroenteritis. Prevention of dehydration is the best approach to treat this disease. For this, the person suffering from this should be provided with sufficient fluids to prevent loss of fluids.
How can CARE Hospitals Help?
Any disease related to children must be diagnosed and handled with care. Paediatric gastroenterologists are best suited to treat children who are suffering from these diseases.
The medical team at CARE Hospitals make sure that a family-centred care is provided to the patients. The child’s care team generally works closely with the healthcare professionals to give the best treatments to the children. Each child is unique and should be provided a proper treatment plan according to their medical problems and history. The paediatricians at the CARE Hospital groups ensure that this is provided to every child who seeks medical care from them.
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