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Gynae Oncology

The second most common malignancy among Indian women is gynaecological malignancies. It is important to treat these cancers as early as possible. CARE Hospitals provides specialist surgical services for gynaecological cancer diagnosis, staging, treatment & care. This includes:

  • Cervical Cancer

  • Endometrial Cancer

  • Ovarian Cancer

  • Vaginal Cancer

  • Vulva Cancer

Our department offers the full spectrum of cutting-edge surgical techniques, from laparoscopic (keyhole) surgery for cervical and endometrial cancer to ultra-radical pelvic and abdominal surgery for ovarian cancer. We place equal emphasis on preventive oncology and run free cancer screening camps as well as use state-of-the-art colposcopy to diagnose and treat pre-cancers and early cancers.

Our team includes gynaecological cancer surgeons, medical & radiation oncologists, clinical nurse specialists, radiologists, pathologists, and physiotherapists among others. The multi-disciplinary team will work with these women through each step in the management of their care and rehabilitation. The terminally ill are also offered palliative care, pain management, and homecare.

Gynecologic Cancers

Gynaecological cancers usually spread to the pelvis, which is between the hip bones below the abdomen. Gynaecological cancers commonly affect women, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, and uterine cancer (endometrial). In addition to these less common cancers, there are cancers of the vulva, vagina, gestational trophoblastic tumours, and fallopian tubes.

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the uterus (neck of the womb), the lower part of a woman's womb that extends into her vaginal area. Women primarily affected by cervical cancer are between 30 and 45 years old. Those under 25 years of age are very rarely affected.

A sexually transmitted infection called Human Papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer. In the body of a human, when an HPV virus is exposed, the immune system prevents any debilitating effects of the virus. In a small number of women, the virus remains in their bodies for a longer period of time and accounts for the process of creating cancer cells.

A group of HPV viruses that spread via direct contact with a person’s skin, and typically clears up on its own. Our gynecologic oncology providers offer cervical cancer screenings and HPV vaccinations to help reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer.

Key signs of cervical cancer

Symptoms or signs of cervical cancer do not usually appear at an early stage. In some cases, cervical cancer does not show any symptoms until the disease has advanced. Women should schedule cervical symptoms screening appointments as soon as possible.

  • The main symptom to be aware of is vaginal bleeding, which occurs after sexual encounters. During other times, such as between periods or after menopause, you should watch out for unnecessary bleeding.

  • Bleeding or watery vaginal discharge with a foul odour.

  • During intercourse, pain or discomfort in the pelvis.

We suggest screening tests for abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are at risk for HPV infections. Gynaecologists at CARE Hospital perform colposcopy tests to diagnose cervical cancer cells. 

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer occurs in the uterus, a hollow, pear-shaped organ in the pelvis that is responsible for carrying the fetus. The lining (endometrium) of the uterus is where endometrial cancer or uterine cancer starts. As with endometrial cancer, uterine sarcomas also begin in the uterus but are less common than these.

Post-menopausal women are more likely to develop uterine cancer than women of any other age. A woman who has been diagnosed with womb cancer is 1 in 4 postmenopausal.

The symptoms of womb cancer

A woman can detect early endometrial cancer by abnormal vaginal bleeding. When womb cancer is discovered early, oncologists can remove the uterus in order to cure the disease.

The symptoms include,

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding after menopause.

  • Bleeding between periods.

  • Pelvic pain.

  • Dark brown blood stains on vaginal discharge.

Ovarian cancer

Gynaecological cancer occurring in the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. Women of any age can develop ovarian cancer, but most of them are between the ages of 50 and 60. Two ovaries are located on either side of the uterus in the female reproductive system. These produce eggs, estrogen, and progesterone hormones.

It is common for ovarian cancer to go undetected until it has spread to the abdomen and pelvis. When ovarian cancer is detected in its early stages and spreads only to the ovary, it can be successfully treated. As ovarian cancer advances, it becomes more difficult to treat and is more likely to be fatal.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer:

  • Abdominal swelling or bloating

  • While eating quickly feels full

  • Weight loss

  • Discomfort in the pelvis

  • Frequent urinate

  • Changes in bowel habits like constipation

  • Back pain

  • Abnormal bleeding

  • Breathing difficulty

  • Indigestion

Depending on the stage of cancer, gynaecologist specialists may use chemotherapy or surgery to treat ovarian cancer.

Diagnosis of gynecologic cancer

In addition to the tools and tests used to diagnose gynecologic cancer, other factors are taken into consideration, including the patient's medical history and overall health status. Experts at CARE Hospitals create a tailored treatment plan for each cancer patient based on a detailed diagnosis.

Gynecologic cancer can be diagnosed through the following tests:

  • Transvaginal ultrasound: A gynecologic oncologist uses ultrasound to take an image of your damaged vaginal or pelvic tissues in order to determine whether a cyst or tumour exists.

  • Endoscopy: Visualizing the female reproductive system with a flexible and thin tube to detect cancer cells.

  • Imaging studies 

  • Computerized Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) are used.

Molecular tissue testing can identify specific tumour genes and other characteristics, allowing specialists to tailor treatment to each.

Gynecologic cancer treatment

Gynecologic cancer can be treated in several ways, depending on its type and its spread. Women with gynecologic cancer can receive a full range of effective and innovative treatment options at CARE Hospitals, including laparoscopic surgery, fertility-sparing surgery, and chemotherapy.

Advanced laparoscopic surgery

To treat cancer tissues, laparoscopic surgery is an effective and minimally invasive technique. Compared to other treatment methods, this one requires fewer hospital stays, less discomfort, and a shorter recovery period. During the laparoscopic removal of damaged cells in pelvic organs, our team of gynecologic oncology experts use the laparoscopic method efficiently.

Gynecologic doctors use a laparoscopic method to remove damaged cells during a laparoscopic operation. As a result, specialists are able to operate with greater precision and accuracy without causing undue trauma to the surrounding tissue.

Intraoperative radiation therapy

Cancer is treated with this radiation therapy by using high-energy x-rays. Advanced technology such as this may not be an option for patients who cannot be treated other than by removing damaged tissues from the original tumour. Radiation is delivered directly to the tumour site by our surgeons using high-end equipment. The CARE Hospitals is one of the best medical institutions in India offering this treatment option.

Chemotherapy

Using this treatment method, a special type of medicine is used to shrink or remove cancer. Usually, the drugs used in this method are pills or medicines you take daily, but they are injected directly into your veins. Cancers of the ovary are treated with direct chemotherapy administered directly to the abdomen.

Hormone therapy

Hormones are used in this procedure to prevent the recurrence of various types of gynecologic cancers.

CARE Hospitals gynecologic cancer specialists treat all types and subtypes of cancer through chemotherapy, intraoperative radiation therapy, medication, and surgery. On the doctor’s recommendation, support services such as genetic testing, counselling, and financial assistance are also available. We provide a comprehensive support service to help your family focus on healing and health.

Frequently Asked Questions

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