A kidney transplant is a procedure mainly to replace the non-functioning kidney with a healthy kidney from a donor. A kidney is a bean-shaped organ that is located on each side of the spine and below the rib cage. The main functions of the kidney are to remove wastes and fluids from the body in the form of urine.
When the kidney fails to perform these functions, the harmful wastes accumulate in the body leading to kidney failure and high blood pressure. When the kidney loses its ability to function normally it leads to renal disease.
Some of the common diseases that could be caused due to kidney failure are diabetes, uncontrolled blood pressure, and polycystic kidney diseases. When there is kidney failure in a person the wastes have to be removed through a procedure called dialysis.
Types of the Kidney transplant
Deceased donor kidney transplant
Living donor kidney transplant
Preemptive kidney transplant.
A kidney transplant is done usually when there is a kidney failure and the functions are not performed. Dialysis is one of the options to help overcome kidney failure, however, but spending the whole life in dialysis can be very painful. So the best and most permanent solution is a kidney transplant. This also helps to treat chronic disease or renal disease.
Risk factors of a kidney transplant
A kidney transplant becomes very important to help treat several diseases. However, there are chances that sometimes the patient’s body starts rejecting the donor's kidneys. This also occurs because of the medication. Therefore, it is advised that you talk to your doctor at CARE Hospitals for complete information.
Kidney transplant procedure
A kidney transplant is performed by giving general anaesthesia, which means, you are not awake during the procedure and you don’t feel a thing. The team at CARE Hospitals will monitor the heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen level throughout the surgery.
The surgeon will make an incision to replace the old kidney with the donor one. The blood vessels of the new kidney are attached to the blood vessels in the lower part of the abdomen. The ureter of the kidney is connected to the bladder.
Some of the complications that might arise during the procedure could be blood clots and bleeding, leakage from the tube, infection and could be a possibility of rejection of the kidney that has been donated. Although it happens in very rare cases, you can always discuss the risks associated with the transplant with your doctor prior to the surgery.
After the kidney transplant
After the kidney transplant, you will be in the hospital for a few days where the doctors will monitor your condition. Once the doctors feel that the condition is stable then you will be sent home. You need to come for regular checkups and follow the doctor’s instructions accurately.
Medications have to be taken regularly throughout the lifespan. A successful kidney transplant will not require any dialysis anymore. It is very normal that one might feel anxious or overjoyed and might be having some kind of fear about rejection. In such cases, the friends and family members help to cope with difficult times.
At CARE Hospitals, we bring you state-of-the-art infrastructure coupled with advanced technology. Our doctors and the entire staff are always on their toes to offer the best possible care to our patients. If you are suffering from any kidney conditions, visit your nearest CARE Hospitals today.
If you cannot find answers to your queries, please fill out the enquiry form or call the number below. We will contact you shortly