Updated on 6 June 2023
Epilepsy is a disorder that affects the nervous (central) system and causes abnormal brain activity. This results in seizures or episodes of abnormal behaviour and sometimes loss of consciousness and awareness.
People from all races, ethnicity, age, and genders can develop epilepsy. Seizure episodes can vary among individuals. Some stare blankly while in the episode, while others twitch their arms and legs, and some have full-blown convulsions. If people with epilepsy have two seizures or more per day, they might need immediate medical attention.
The following are the symptoms of epilepsy:
If you are experiencing any symptoms mentioned above, seek a neurologist's consultation. To confirm it is epilepsy and not some behavioural changes, the neurologist will conduct a clinical evaluation and a few electrophysiological tests.
Upon confirmation of epilepsy, an individual with the condition is given antiepileptic drugs (AED). However, sometimes AEDs don't work and require more invasive methods, like surgery.
Like any other medical condition, extreme seizures due to epilepsy require primary care. Anybody with focal epilepsy that cannot be treated with AEDs or if the condition is causing severe impairment in one's life might require surgery.
Epilepsy surgery is done to:
The surgery involves the removal of a part of the brain where seizures occur. It is usually effective when a seizure occurs only in one part of the brain. Neurologists do not always recommend surgery until two AEDs have failed to contain the seizure.
Studies have shown numerous benefits of epilepsy surgery for seizure control and psychiatric symptoms. In addition to this, it also improves the quality of life. This is evident from the past that successful surgeries can increase life expectancy.
Abnormal and erratic electrical activity in the brain due to chemo transmitters, results in epileptic seizures. The location of the derangement determines which surgery is required, considering the age of the patient.
Below are the types of surgery usually recommended by the surgeon:
Epilepsy surgery is a safe procedure. Hence, the life risk is low compared to other procedures. But there are a few complications involved during the surgery. According to research, minor complications were reported among 7.7% of patients, and only 0.6% of the patients faced significant complications like:
The outcome of the surgery depends on the type of surgery performed. Hence, it can be an excellent option for someone who has seizures only in one part of the brain and is unresponsive to medication. Always consult with neurosurgeons for risks & benefits before going for the surgery.
Also known as an intracranial tumour, a brain tumour is an outcome of the uncontrollable growth of the cells resulting into an abnormal mass of tissue...
25 April 2019
Just like physical health, robust mental health is crucial to lead a balanced and happy life. A lot often people disregard their mental health, owing ...
2 July 2019
Anxiety, in general, is a normal emotion but it can have varying effects on a person’s mental health if he/she is experiencing it inexplicably. ...
30 July 2019
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of our brain. Day-to-day activities get disrupted resulting in seizures, periods of u...
31 December 2019
Parkinson’s is a progressive disorder concerning the nervous system. The disease is characterized by difficulty in movement. It might begin with...
2 December 2020
The brain is the major organ of the human body that controls the functions of other body parts. A carotid artery is located on each side of the neck a...
28 June 2022
Headache is a common problem and may affect people of any age. Headache may be throbbing, irritating, and pulsating. People suffer from different type...
29 June 2022
Recurrent moderate to severe headaches, typically in conjunction with a variety of autonomic symptoms, are the hallmark of migraine, a chronic neurolo...
26 July 2022
26 September 2023
26 September 2023
If you cannot find answers to your queries, please fill out the enquiry form or call the number below. We will contact you shortly.