How to Prevent Cervical Cancer: 7 Ways to Lower Your Risk

Updated on 29 May 2023

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is a significant health concern for women worldwide, and while it can be deadly, it is also highly preventable and treatable if detected early. India accounts for over 21% of cervical cancer cases globally. According to the latest Lancet Study, India accounts for the highest number of cervical cancer cases in Asia followed by China. Out of 40% of the total deaths from cervical cancer India accounts for 23% while China accounts for the remaining 17%.

Key Measures to Reduce the Risk of Cervical Cancer

Considering the seriousness of the disease and the high numbers affected, it is critical to be aware of the measures that can be taken to reduce the risk of cervical cancer.

  1. Vaccination against HPV: It is important to get vaccinated against HPV. HPV (human papillomavirus) is a common virus that can cause cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine can protect against the types of HPV that are most likely to cause cervical cancer. It is recommended that girls and boys receive the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12, but it can be given up to age 26. This is a measure that can be taken to reduce the risk of cervical cancer. This vaccine can help prevent boys from getting infected with the HPV types that can cause cancers of the mouth/throat, penis, and anus as well as genital warts.
  2. Safe Sex: The use of condoms during sex can reduce the risk of contracting HPV and other sexually transmitted diseases. HPV is spread through sexual contact, so practicing safe sex by using condoms can reduce the risk of getting HPV and developing cervical cancer. It is important to be aware of the risk and take necessary precautions.
  3. Get regular Pap tests: Getting Pap tests done regularly will help in the early detection of issues and treatment becomes easy. Pap tests can detect changes in the cells of the cervix before they become cancerous. It is recommended that women start getting Pap tests at age 21 or as soon as they become sexually active and continue getting them every three years until age 65.
  4. Give up smoking: Quit smoking for general good health as well as to reduce the risk of cervical cancer. Smoking can increase the risk of cervical cancer and make it more difficult to treat. 
  5. Switch to a healthy diet: You are what you eat. Adopting a healthy diet can help to improve the immunity levels in the body.  A diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer.
  6. Reduce obesity: Maintaining a healthy weight is essential for general good health. Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of cervical cancer.
  7. Practice good hygiene: Good hygiene can play an important role in preventing the spread of HPV. Keeping the genital area clean can reduce the risk of developing infections that can lead to cervical cancer.


Cervical cancer is a significant health concern for women worldwide, but it is highly preventable.  It is essential to talk to your healthcare provider about cervical cancer screening and prevention to help maintain your health and well-being. Follow the simple measures listed above to reduce the risk of cervical cancer. In case you wish to speak to a specialist, you can visit www.carehospitals.com to fix up an appointment.





Have a Question?

If you cannot find answers to your queries, please fill out the enquiry form or call the number below. We will contact you shortly.

volume control phone icon +91-40-6810 6589

Follow Us On