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Interventional Bronchoscopy Treatment of Lung Cancer

Updated on 22 August 2022

Bronchoscopy is utilised by the pulmonology departments in the treatment of advanced Pulmonary diseases. It has also become part of interventional pulmonary treatment used by top oncologists across the globe. This medical technique is helpful in lung cancer treatments.

What is Interventional Bronchoscopy?

Interventional Bronchoscopy is a procedure that uses minimally invasive techniques by inserting a camera to look inside the respiratory airways to access and examine the lungs. It is useful for diagnostic as well as therapeutic effects. 

A bronchoscope is inserted in the patient’s mouth or nose, and then it is passed through the airways to reach the lungs. It has a flexible and thin tube with a video camera and light. Any abnormal areas found by a chest X-ray or CT scan can be further investigated with the help of bronchoscopy. A biopsy is done to know if there is cancer. A sample is collected by this procedure and sent to the lab. 

Why is Interventional Bronchoscopy Used to Treat Lung Cancer?

Interventional bronchoscopy is becoming popular for treating lung cancer because of the following apparent reasons:

  • It is useful for the management of central airway obstruction and for the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral lung nodules. 
  • It is a reliable procedure for both early and advanced-stage lung cancer. 
  • Preoperative localisation of peripheral pulmonary nodules becomes possible because of this interventional bronchoscopy. 
  • It can relieve dyspnea.
  • It increases life expectancy when used together with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. 
  • Rigid bronchoscopy can do other interventional treatments too. It removes tumours and also stops bleeding. Placement of stents, ablation and ball dilation can be performed with this. 

This technique is useful when used with electrocoagulation and argon plasma coagulation.

The cases of lung cancer are rising, and it is becoming inevitable to treat malignant airway obstruction through techniques like interventional bronchoscopy. A certain number of patients also face benign airway obstruction and need foreign body extraction. For them also, this treatment is found to be useful.

Interventional Bronchoscopy Treatment

There are different stages in which the Interventional Bronchoscopy Treatment this treatment is divided. 

  • Before: The Best Pulmonologist in Hyderabad will discuss the drugs you are already taking. The blood thinning medicines have to be stopped before doing this test. You will not be allowed to eat or drink for a few hours before it. 
  • During: It is an outpatient procedure, and you do not need to get admitted to get this test done. You have to lie on the table with a slightly raised head. Anaesthesia is given to numb the throat area (a patient falls asleep only when general anaesthesia is used). The procedure usually takes 30 minutes or more, depending on each case. 
  • After: Once the test is done, your condition will be observed, especially when you have been administered a sedative. The numbness should go away before you eat or drink. The doctor will give you a few essential instructions that need to be followed post-procedure.

Possible Complications of Interventional Bronchoscopy

Though the risk associated with interventional bronchoscopy is not much, there are still chances that there could be some complications following this procedure, such as:

  • Part of a lung might collapse.
  • There could be bleeding in the airways.
  • Lung infection/Pneumonia

An X-ray might help to find out the problems caused by interventional bronchoscopy. Only the symptoms that do not settle on their own might need medical attention like fever, coughing with blood, trouble breathing, and chest pain. 

Conclusion

There are many treatments and medications available to treat lung cancer. Interventional bronchoscopy is one of the leading ways to offer diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer offered at the best Pulmonology hospital in Hyderabad. It is useful in many ways for the problems associated with thoracic malignancy and other issues. 

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