Updated on 8 September 2022
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a condition in which the blood vessels become narrow or get blocked due to the formation of atheroma or deposition of fat and calcium. Due to the narrowing or blockages, the blood cannot flow freely to the organs (especially limbs in the case of PVD) and can cause symptoms. It is most commonly seen in the legs and toes.
The factors that increase the risk of peripheral vascular disease include the following,
Many people suffering from the peripheral vascular disease do not experience any symptoms in the early stages. However, a few symptoms that can be prevalent are,
If you experience any pain in your legs after walking or exercising or after prolonged standing, you must consult with a vascular surgeon. Early diagnosis of vascular disease can help in preventing the complications of the disease and save the limb.
The doctor will take your detailed medical history and perform a physical examination to come to a diagnosis. The doctor may also ask to get some tests done for confirmation of a diagnosis of the PVD and to plan the treatment.
The Ankle-Brachial Index: This test is done to measure the blood pressure around the ankle and arm before and during exercise. The blood pressure is low if there is a blockage in the artery of your leg, which indicates that you are suffering from PVD.
Pulse Volume Recording: This test is done to measure the changes in the pulse volume in the legs. This is done with a device using the same principle as the saturation probe used for measuring oxygen levels. This helps to identify if the pain is due to PVD or some other reason in a person with normal or equivalent ABI.
Vascular imaging: A vascular surgeon may ask for a Doppler ultrasound, CT angiogram or MR angiogram of the limbs to confirm the diagnosis or plan treatment for PVD. This imaging helps to diagnose the narrowing, locate the site of narrowing or blockages, know the severity of the disease and then plan what treatment is suitable for the patient like endovascular stenting or open bypass surgery.
Early diagnosis can help in treating PVD by making lifestyle changes, taking the right treatment and saving the limb,
Lifestyle and Diet Changes
You must consult with a vascular surgeon at the Best Vascular Surgery Hospitals in Hyderabad to take the right treatment for PVD. The doctor can recommend medicines for improving circulation, pain management, blood pressure control and cholesterol control. Do not start or stop any medications without consulting your doctor.
For advanced cases of PVD, the Best Vascular Surgeons In Hyderabad may recommend surgical treatment. Treatments such as Balloon Angioplasty, stenting, Atherectomy, and Peripheral Bypass Surgery are some of the available surgical options. The doctor will choose the best possible treatment option depending on the patient's symptoms, the general condition of the patient and the severity of the problem. In some cases, the patient requires a surgical intervention but may not b possible due to unfavourable arteries and complete blockage at multiple levels, in such cases stem cell therapy, prostaglandin therapy and medical management are given.
Peripheral vascular disease is an ongoing ever-lasting health problem. One must seek medical help if a foot sore does not heal quickly or you experience severe pain in the legs after walking. A correct and early diagnosis can help in choosing proper treatment and save a limb and life. Making lifestyle changes with good control of blood pressure and sugar levels can also help reduce the risk of complications and prevent the progression of PVD.
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