Updated on 25 April 2022
Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the breast. It can start in one or both breasts. Cancer starts when cells begin to grow out of control.
The breast is an organ that sits on top of the upper ribs and chest muscles. There is a left and right breast and each one has mainly glands, ducts, and fatty tissue. In women, the breast makes and delivers milk to feed newborns and infants. The amount of fatty tissue in the breast determines the size of each breast.
Breast cancer occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get breast cancer, too.
An area of thickened tissue in the breast or a lump in the breast or an armpit is usually the first symptom of breast cancer
Other symptoms include
After puberty, a female’s breasts are made up of fat, connective tissue, and thousands of lobules. These are tiny glands that can produce milk. Tiny tubes, or ducts, carry the milk toward the nipple.
Breast cancer develops as a result of genetic mutations or damage to DNA. These can be associated with exposure to estrogen, inherited genetic defects, or inherited genes that can cause cancer, such as the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.
When a person has cancer, their immune system does not attack the abnormal DNA or growths. As a result, cells within breast tissue begin to multiply uncontrollably, and they do not die as usual. This excessive cell growth forms a tumour that deprives surrounding cells of nutrients and energy.
Breast cancer usually starts in the inner lining of the milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. From there, it can spread to other parts of the body.
The stage of cancer is determined according to the size of the tumour and whether it has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
The stages are roughly structured as
The following factors make developing breast cancer more likely
The most effective approach depends on several factors, including:
The main treatment options include
A person can take the following steps to significantly reduce the risk of breast cancer.
CARE Hospitals is rated as the best breast cancer hospital in Hyderabad and offers world-class breast cancer treatment in India.
MBBS, MS, DNB (Surgical Oncology), Fellow in HIPEC (Italy)
CARE Hospitals – Banjara Hills
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