Heart Health and Diabetes- All You Need to Know
Today’s fast-paced lifestyle has led to people becoming more susceptible to various ailments such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, etc. Talking about heart disease, it is most common in people with diabetes. According to the studies conducted on cardiac sciences by the National Heart Association, the risk of stroke and death due to heart disease is twice as high in people with diabetes. Although all diabetic patients are at a higher risk of developing heart disease, the condition is more prevalent in people with type 2 diabetes.
What Is The Cause Of Heart Disease in People With Diabetes?
Atherosclerosis or hardening of the coronary arteries is due to the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood vessels supplying oxygen and nutrition to the heart. It is the most common cause of heart disease in a person suffering from diabetes. The body activates the plaque repair mechanism if the cholesterol plaques break apart or rupture by a way of sending platelets. However, since the artery is small, these platelets can restrict the blood flow, thereby not allowing oxygen to pass through. This leads to a heart attack. This same process can affect other arteries as well, resulting in numerous conditions depending on the part being affected. Lack of blood to the brain, for instance, can lead to stroke and lack of blood to arms, feet or hands can cause peripheral vascular disease.
Besides heart disease, people with diabetes are also at an increased risk of heart failure which is the heart’s inability to pump blood adequately. This can lead to fluid build-up in the lungs, resulting in fluid retention or difficulty in breathing.
How Can Heart Disease Be Treated In Those With Diabetes?
Depending on how severe your condition is, there are many different treatment options for diabetic people with heart disease such as:
- Change in diet
- Aspirin therapy aimed at reducing the risk of clot formation that can lead to strokes or heart attacks
- Exercise for improving blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, weight loss, and decreasing abdominal fat
Book an appointment with a cardiologist of the best cardiac hospital in Hyderabad or wherever you are based if you or any of your family members have heart disease for a better management of the disease.
Ways to Prevent Heart Diseases in a Person with Diabetes
Here are some of the best ways to prevent heart diseases:
- Keeping a check on your diabetes
- Managing your blood pressure with medication if required. The target must be to maintain a BP under 130/80.
- Checking your cholesterol and keeping it under control
- Developing healthy lifestyle habits
- Losing weight if obese
- Working out regularly
- Quitting smoking
- Reducing daily stress
- Eating a heart-healthy diet
- Going on aspirin therapy if recommended by the doctor