Protect Yourself From Sunstroke
Sunstroke is a serious medical condition where the body’s temperature rises too high. The body loses its ability to cool itself and overheats. Sunstroke usually occurs when the body temperature reaches at least 40° C or more. High humidity and heat wave can also result in sunstroke. Untreated sunstroke can cause damage to the brain, heart, kidneys and muscles. In severe cases, delay in treatment increases the risk of serious complications or even death.
Excess exposure to sun, strenuous activity in the hot sun or severe dehydration
Throbbing headache, increase in pulse rate, high body temperature, dryness in the mouth, dehydration, muscle cramps and weakness or partial or complete unconsciousness.
- Wear loose fitting and light coloured cotton clothes that absorb sweat and allow the body to cool properly.
- Avoid travelling in the heat between late morning and early evening. Avoid long distance travel in hot vehicles.
- Stay indoors, cool the room by using curtains.
- Drink a lot of fluids like water, juice, buttermilk and coconut water to prevent dehydration.
- Carry an umbrella or a cap and a water bottle when going out.
- Avoid foods that are spicy and oily.
- Wash the face in cold water at regular intervals to feel fresh.
- Try to exercise or do physical activity during the cooler parts of the day, such as early morning or evening.
- Move the affected person to a cool, shady area.
- Remove extra clothing like cap, shoes or socks to speed up cooling.
- Wet the body with a cool wet cloth.
- Give salted buttermilk, coconut water or ORS (Oral Rehydration Salt) water.
- Do not give the person anything by mouth if he is vomiting or unconscious.
- Do not give any medicine without consulting a doctor.
- Lie down with feet raised by about a foot. This will help avoid potential shock.
- Replenish fluids with water or juice to manage both dehydration & the loss of salts through sweating.
- In case of muscle cramps, massage the afflicted areas.
- Shift the patient to the nearest hospital immediately.