How does diabetes affect the Body?

Updated on 4 October 2019

How Does Diabetes Affect The Body?

Diabetes refers to a group of diseases that affect your body’s ability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that helps the body to turn glucose into energy. These diseases result in a rise in your sugar levels which is harmful to your health. Glucose is an important component of the human body as it provides energy to the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. Keep reading to know how diabetes affects the body. There are two major types of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2. The effect of diabetes on your body mainly depends on the type of diabetes you have.

  • Type 1 Diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. This affects your immune system, wherein the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas stop functioning because of the immune system itself. When suffering from Type 1 diabetes, the patient has to depend on insulin intake.
  • Type 2 Diabetes is related to insulin resistance. Typically seen in older people, it is now developing in the younger generations too. This is a result of poor lifestyle and dietary habits.

How does diabetes affect the body?

The following systems are affected when a person is suffering from diabetes.

  • Kidneys: Diabetes affects the kidney's ability to filter out waste from your blood. There is a high amount of protein in the urine due to the malfunction of the kidneys. Kidney disease as a result of diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. It doesn’t have any symptoms until the latest stages and might result in kidney damage. You can consult any diabetes CARE Hospitals in India to prevent grave situations.

  • Circulatory System: Diabetes raises your risk of high blood pressure. This puts extra strain on your heart. A high level of glucose in your blood leads to the deposit of fat in the blood vessels. This restricts the blood flow and increases the pressure on the heart for pumping blood all through your body.

  • Integumentary System: Diabetes also has a major impact on your skin. The presence of high blood sugar content leads to a lack of moisture resulting in dry feet and cracks in your skin. You can cover this by using creams and petroleum jelly but avoid making these areas too moist.

These are a few of the ways in which diabetes can affect your body and have an impact on your life. It is scary when you learn about what high blood sugar does to the body. It is best to lead a healthy lifestyle and take precautions beforehand. Many parts of the body begin to malfunction due to high sugar content in your blood and constant checks need to be done to keep a tab on these. It is advisable to consult your urologist on a regular basis.





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