3 Common Health Emergencies And Ways To Deal With Them

Updated on 31 December 2019

While our primary education took a crack at inculcating basic first aid run-throughs in us, we still resort to panic when an emergency situation strikes. Consequently, first aid care still seems like a far cry which shouldn’t ideally be the case. It’s no lie that one needs to be particularly active during the time of a medical emergency while maintaining calm to reach at the best possible state before professional help arrives. To make it easy for you, we have formulated a comprehensive medical guide you can follow during times of medical emergencies of various kinds. Have a look at management of common medical emergencies:

Burns and Scalds

Burns are one of the most common medical emergencies. From dry heat to fire, there are numerous ways by which burns are caused. Burns caused due to chemical reasons (like coming in contact with strong, acerbic acids and alkalis) are also critical and must be attended at the earliest. Moreover, if an injury is caused by the means of boiled water or steam, it is known as a scald. The symptoms of the aforementioned conditions i.e. burns and scalds are almost similar. They include reddish/charred skin, blisters etc. If someone in your vicinity has caught fire or mistakenly came into contact with steam/boiling water, you must follow the following first-aid tips:

  • Make sure your hands are sanitized before you touch the affected/burnt area.
  • Avoid applying any kind of ointment/lotions immediately to the affected area.
  • Carefully handle the blisters if they are formed. Avoid rupturing them at any cost.
  • Use dry sterile dressing to conceal the burned area. If sterile dressing is not available at the moment, clothing materials such as linen can also be employed at the affected area.
  • Do not put extreme pressure while tying the bandage on the burnt area with blisters. However, in all other burn cases, the bandage must be tied tightly.


Electrocution happens when a person comes in contact with a naked electricity wire. It results in severe burns. The following first-aid tips during the time of electrocution will help the patient greatly:

  • First and foremost, cut off the power supply at the earliest. Avoid using a knife or scissors to do so.
  • Use insulating materials, try to amputate the patient.
  • Lower the head of the patient and let him lie down. In case, the injuries are on the head or chest, the head must be somewhat raised.
  • Cover the patient with the help of a sturdy blanket.
  • Slacken all tight clothing.

Chest pain and Heart attack

Chest discomfort often results in a heart attack. One can check for the following symptoms to ascertain if it’s actually chest pain:

  • Chest discomfort/pain
  • Sweating
  • Palpitations
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Discomfort in the neck/arms/shoulders
  • Body weakness
  • Irregular heartbeat

By following the below-mentioned chest pain emergency first-aid tips, one can be of great assistance to the patient in-focus:

  • Provide the patient with an aspirin tablet to avoid the formation of blood clots that can further aggravate the situation.
  • Perform CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) at the earliest.
  • Check for the availability of automated external defibrillators around if the patient is suffering from irregular heartbeats.

In case your near and dear ones are caught up in any medical emergency, following the aforementioned tips can be greatly helpful. Moreover, the emergency department of CARE Hospitals, which is also one of the best medical emergency hospital in India, is active 24*7 and can assist you immediately.





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